Publication Abstracts

Miller et al. 2021

Miller, J.R., J.E. Fuller, M.J. Puma, and J.M. Finnegan, 2021: Elevation dependent warming in the Eastern Siberian Arctic. Environ. Res. Lett., 16, no. 2, 024044, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abdb5e.

There is evidence for elevation-dependent warming (EDW) in many mountainous regions, including the Alps, Rockies, and Tibetan Plateau, all of which are in mid-latitudes. Most studies finding evidence of EDW indicate that both recent decadal and future projected warming rates are greater at higher elevations. In this study, we examine the roles of Arctic amplification and elevation on future warming rates in winter and summer in eastern Siberia (50-70°N; 80-180°E). This region includes four major river basins that flow into the Arctic Ocean (the Yenisei, Lena, Indigirka, and Kolyma) and intersects with mountain ranges in northern Mongolia and eastern Siberia. We analyse projected 21st century temperature projections using a six-member ensemble of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate System Model (CCSM4) with a radiative forcing of 8.5 w/m2. Projected warming rates in winter for the 21st century are dominated by Arctic amplification, which leads to significantly larger warming rates at higher latitudes, with latitudinal gradients of about 0.16°C per degree latitude. In summer, the latitudinal gradient is near zero (0.02°C per degree of latitude). Within specific latitude bands, we also find EDW. However, unlike most mid-latitude locations where warming rates are greater at higher elevations, we find that future warming rates are smaller at higher elevations for this high-latitude region, particularly during winter, with statistically significant rates varying between -0.70 and -2.46 °C/km for different 5° latitude bands. The decrease in warming rates with elevation in winter at the highest latitudes is primarily attributed to strong inversions and changes in the lapse rate as free-air temperatures warm at slower rates than surface temperatures. In summer, the elevation dependence is much weaker than in winter but still statistically significant and negative in all but the most northern latitude band with values ranging between -0.10 and -0.56 °C/km.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{mi09520z,
  author={Miller, J. R. and Fuller, J. E. and Puma, M. J. and Finnegan, J. M.},
  title={Elevation dependent warming in the Eastern Siberian Arctic},
  year={2021},
  journal={Environ. Res. Lett.},
  volume={16},
  number={2},
  pages={024044},
  doi={10.1088/1748-9326/abdb5e},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - mi09520z
AU  - Miller, J. R.
AU  - Fuller, J. E.
AU  - Puma, M. J.
AU  - Finnegan, J. M.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Elevation dependent warming in the Eastern Siberian Arctic
JA  - Environ. Res. Lett.
VL  - 16
IS  - 2
SP  - 024044
DO  - 10.1088/1748-9326/abdb5e
ER  -

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