Publication Abstracts

Minoli et al. 2019, accepted

Minoli, S., C. Müller, J. Elliott, A.C. Ruane, J. Jägermeyr, F. Zabel, M. Dury, C. Folberth, L. Francois, T. Hank, I. Jacquemin, W. Liu, S. Olin, and T.A.M. Pugh, 2019: Global crop production: Adaptation to temperature increase is possible by maintaining the current growing periods. Earth's Future, accepted.

Increasing temperature trends are expected to impact yields of major field crops by affecting various plant processes, such as phenology and growth. However future projections, especially at the global scale, do not consider any agronomic adaptation in farming practices. We use an ensemble of seven Global Gridded Crop Models (GGCMs) contributing to the AgMIP-Gridded project to quantify the impacts and adaptation potential of field crops under increasing temperature. We study how uniform warming scenarios up to 6 K affect the productivity and growing period duration of five major crops. The design of the experiment aims at understanding adaptation measures targeted to temperature-driven impacts and therefore leaves out changes in any other climate variable. We find that, without adaptation the dominant effect of temperature increase is to shorten the growing period and to reduce yields and production, consistently across crops and regions. We then test the potential of two agronomic measures to contrast warming-induced yield reduction, assuming that (i) cultivars with adjusted phenology would be used to regain the reference growing period duration; (ii) rainfed systems would be converted to irrigated. Despite substantial uncertainties in model parametrization and little agreement in spatial patterns, at the global aggregation, model results are robust. We find that up to 3 K of temperature increase, production losses could be fully compensated by maintaining the original crop growing period. Irrigationwould also compensate production losses, but would not reduce the temperature impacts. Across regions, the model ensemble estimates larger adaptation potentials from unchanged growing periods in continental and temperate regions, than in tropical and arid regions, where also irrigation has respectively little effects and availability.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{mi09420p,
  author={Minoli, S. and Müller, C. and Elliott, J. and Ruane, A. C. and Jägermeyr, J. and Zabel, F. and Dury, M. and Folberth, C. and Francois, L. and Hank, T. and Jacquemin, I. and Liu, W. and Olin, S. and Pugh, T. A. M.},
  title={Global crop production: Adaptation to temperature increase is possible by maintaining the current growing periods},
  year={2019},
  journal={Earth's Future},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - INPR
ID  - mi09420p
AU  - Minoli, S.
AU  - Müller, C.
AU  - Elliott, J.
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Jägermeyr, J.
AU  - Zabel, F.
AU  - Dury, M.
AU  - Folberth, C.
AU  - Francois, L.
AU  - Hank, T.
AU  - Jacquemin, I.
AU  - Liu, W.
AU  - Olin, S.
AU  - Pugh, T. A. M.
PY  - 2019
TI  - Global crop production: Adaptation to temperature increase is possible by maintaining the current growing periods
JA  - Earth's Future
ER  -

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