Publication Abstracts

Miller et al. 2014

Miller, R.L., G.A. Schmidt, L.S. Nazarenko, N. Tausnev, S.E. Bauer, A.D. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.K. Lo, R. Ruedy, D.T. Shindell, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T.L. Clune, G. Faluvegi, J.E. Hansen, R.J. Healy, N.Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A.A. Lacis, A.N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Pérez García-Pando, J.P. Perlwitz, M.J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G.L. Russell, M. Sato, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang, 2014: CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6, no. 2, 441-477, doi:10.1002/2013MS000266.

Observations of climate change during the CMIP5 extended historical period (1850-2012) are compared to trends simulated by six versions of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE2 Earth System Model. The six models are constructed from three versions of the ModelE2 atmospheric general circulation model, distinguished by their treatment of atmospheric composition and the aerosol indirect effect, combined with two ocean general circulation models, HYCOM and Russell. Forcings that perturb the model climate during the historical period are described. Five-member ensemble averages from each of the six versions of ModelE2 simulate trends of surface air temperature, atmospheric temperature, sea ice and ocean heat content that are in general agreement with observed trends, although simulated warming is slightly excessive within the past decade. Only simulations that include increasing concentrations of long-lived greenhouse gases match the warming observed during the twentieth century. Differences in twentieth-century warming among the six model versions can be attributed to differences in climate sensitivity, aerosol and ozone forcing, and heat uptake by the deep ocean. Coupled models with HYCOM export less heat to the deep ocean, associated with reduced surface warming in regions of deepwater formation, but greater warming elsewhere at high latitudes along with reduced sea ice. All ensembles show twentieth-century annular trends toward reduced surface pressure at southern high latitudes and a poleward shift of the midlatitude westerlies, consistent with observations.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Miller, R. L. and Schmidt, G. A. and Nazarenko, L. S. and Tausnev, N. and Bauer, S. E. and Del Genio, A. D. and Kelley, M. and Lo, K. K. and Ruedy, R. and Shindell, D. T. and Aleinov, I. and Bauer, M. and Bleck, R. and Canuto, V. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, Y. and Clune, T. L. and Faluvegi, G. and Hansen, J. E. and Healy, R. J. and Kiang, N. Y. and Koch, D. and Lacis, A. A. and LeGrande, A. N. and Lerner, J. and Menon, S. and Oinas, V. and Pérez García-Pando, C. and Perlwitz, J. P. and Puma, M. J. and Rind, D. and Romanou, A. and Russell, G. L. and Sato, M. and Sun, S. and Tsigaridis, K. and Unger, N. and Voulgarakis, A. and Yao, M.-S. and Zhang, J.},
  title={CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - mi08910y
AU  - Miller, R. L.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Nazarenko, L. S.
AU  - Tausnev, N.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Del Genio, A. D.
AU  - Kelley, M.
AU  - Lo, K. K.
AU  - Ruedy, R.
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Aleinov, I.
AU  - Bauer, M.
AU  - Bleck, R.
AU  - Canuto, V.
AU  - Chen, Y.
AU  - Cheng, Y.
AU  - Clune, T. L.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Hansen, J. E.
AU  - Healy, R. J.
AU  - Kiang, N. Y.
AU  - Koch, D.
AU  - Lacis, A. A.
AU  - LeGrande, A. N.
AU  - Lerner, J.
AU  - Menon, S.
AU  - Oinas, V.
AU  - Pérez García-Pando, C.
AU  - Perlwitz, J. P.
AU  - Puma, M. J.
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Romanou, A.
AU  - Russell, G. L.
AU  - Sato, M.
AU  - Sun, S.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Unger, N.
AU  - Voulgarakis, A.
AU  - Yao, M.-S.
AU  - Zhang, J.
PY  - 2014
TI  - CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
VL  - 6
IS  - 2
SP  - 441
EP  - 477
DO  - 10.1002/2013MS000266
ER  -

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