Publication Abstracts

Miller et al. 2021

Miller, R.L., G.A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, S.E. Bauer, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, G.L. Russell, A. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T.L. Clune, B. Cook, C.A. Cruz, A.D. Del Genio, G.S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N.Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A.A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A.N. LeGrande, K.K. Lo, J. Marshall, E.E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, L.T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. Pérez García-Pando, J.P. Perlwitz, M.J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D.T. Shindell, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M.-S. Yao, 2021: CMIP6 historical simulations (1850-2014) with GISS-E2.1. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 13, no. 1, e2019MS002034, doi:10.1029/2019MS002034.

Simulations of the CMIP6 historical period 1850-2014, characterized by the emergence of anthropogenic climate drivers like greenhouse gases, are presented for different configurations of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) Earth System ModelE2.1. The GISS-E2.1 ensembles are more sensitive to greenhouse gas forcing than their CMIP5 predecessors (GISS-E2) but warm less during recent decades due to a forcing reduction that is attributed to greater longwave opacity in the GISS-E2.1 pre-industrial simulations. This results in an atmosphere less sensitive to increases in opacity from rising greenhouse gas concentrations, demonstrating the importance of the base climatology to forcing and forced climate trends. Most model versions match observed temperature trends since 1979 from the ocean to the stratosphere. The choice of ocean model is important to the transient climate response, as found previously in CMIP5 GISS-E2: the model that more efficiently exports heat to the deep ocean shows a smaller rise in tropospheric temperature. Model sea level rise over the historical period is traced to excessive drawdown of aquifers to meet irrigation demand with a smaller contribution from thermal expansion. This shows how fully coupled models can provide indirect observational constraints upon forcing, in this case, constraining irrigation rates with observed sea level changes. The overall agreement of GISS-E2.1 with observed trends is familiar from evaluation of its predecessors, as is the conclusion that these trends are almost entirely anthropogenic in origin.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Miller, R. L. and Schmidt, G. A. and Nazarenko, L. and Bauer, S. E. and Kelley, M. and Ruedy, R. and Russell, G. L. and Ackerman, A. and Aleinov, I. and Bauer, M. and Bleck, R. and Canuto, V. and Cesana, G. and Cheng, Y. and Clune, T. L. and Cook, B. and Cruz, C. A. and Del Genio, A. D. and Elsaesser, G. S. and Faluvegi, G. and Kiang, N. Y. and Kim, D. and Lacis, A. A. and Leboissetier, A. and LeGrande, A. N. and Lo, K. K. and Marshall, J. and Matthews, E. E. and McDermid, S. and Mezuman, K. and Murray, L. T. and Oinas, V. and Orbe, C. and Pérez García-Pando, C. and Perlwitz, J. P. and Puma, M. J. and Rind, D. and Romanou, A. and Shindell, D. T. and Sun, S. and Tausnev, N. and Tsigaridis, K. and Tselioudis, G. and Weng, E. and Wu, J. and Yao, M.-S.},
  title={CMIP6 historical simulations (1850-2014) with GISS-E2.1},
  journal={J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - mi05520v
AU  - Miller, R. L.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Nazarenko, L.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Kelley, M.
AU  - Ruedy, R.
AU  - Russell, G. L.
AU  - Ackerman, A.
AU  - Aleinov, I.
AU  - Bauer, M.
AU  - Bleck, R.
AU  - Canuto, V.
AU  - Cesana, G.
AU  - Cheng, Y.
AU  - Clune, T. L.
AU  - Cook, B.
AU  - Cruz, C. A.
AU  - Del Genio, A. D.
AU  - Elsaesser, G. S.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Kiang, N. Y.
AU  - Kim, D.
AU  - Lacis, A. A.
AU  - Leboissetier, A.
AU  - LeGrande, A. N.
AU  - Lo, K. K.
AU  - Marshall, J.
AU  - Matthews, E. E.
AU  - McDermid, S.
AU  - Mezuman, K.
AU  - Murray, L. T.
AU  - Oinas, V.
AU  - Orbe, C.
AU  - Pérez García-Pando, C.
AU  - Perlwitz, J. P.
AU  - Puma, M. J.
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Romanou, A.
AU  - Shindell, D. T.
AU  - Sun, S.
AU  - Tausnev, N.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Tselioudis, G.
AU  - Weng, E.
AU  - Wu, J.
AU  - Yao, M.-S.
PY  - 2021
TI  - CMIP6 historical simulations (1850-2014) with GISS-E2.1
JA  - J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
VL  - 13
IS  - 1
SP  - e2019MS002034
DO  - 10.1029/2019MS002034
ER  -

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