Publication Abstracts

Mishchenko et al. 1997

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, W.B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B.E. Carlson, and Q. Han, 1997: Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2655-2658, doi:10.1029/97GL02783.

The Twomey effect is an increase of the cloud albedo with increasing concentration of tropospheric aerosols serving as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Confirmation and quantification of this effect on a global basis requires accurate satellite retrievals of CCN concentrations. We present a theoretical study of the ability of passive satellite remote sensing techniques to provide reliable estimates of tropospheric aerosol column densities over the ocean. We show that a retrieval algorithm based on single-channel single-viewing-angle radiance measurements is incapable of accurately determining CCN column densities and that an alogrithm based on multiangle radiance measurements provides much better retrievals. However, even for the latter algorithm the errors in the retrieved CCN column densities can exceed a factor of 5. The poor performance of single-channel radiance-only algorithms is explained by the strong dependence of the extinction cross section and weak dependence of the phase function on aerosol effective radius. In contrast, high-precision multiangle polarization measurements, which are much more sensitive to aerosol microphysics, are capable of constraining CCN column densities to within a few tens of percents.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{mi00100w,
  author={Mishchenko, M. I. and Travis, L. D. and Rossow, W. B. and Cairns, B. and Carlson, B. E. and Han, Q.},
  title={Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study},
  year={1997},
  journal={Geophys. Res. Lett.},
  volume={24},
  pages={2655--2658},
  doi={10.1029/97GL02783},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - mi00100w
AU  - Mishchenko, M. I.
AU  - Travis, L. D.
AU  - Rossow, W. B.
AU  - Cairns, B.
AU  - Carlson, B. E.
AU  - Han, Q.
PY  - 1997
TI  - Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study
JA  - Geophys. Res. Lett.
VL  - 24
SP  - 2655
EP  - 2658
DO  - 10.1029/97GL02783
ER  -

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