Publication Abstracts

Menon et al. 2002

Menon, S., A.D. Del Genio, D. Koch, and G. Tselioudis, 2002: GCM simulations of the aerosol indirect effect: Sensitivity to cloud parameterization and aerosol burden. J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 692-713, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0692:GSOTAI>2.0.CO;2.

We describe the coupling of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model (GCM) to an online sulfur chemistry model and source models for organic matter and sea-salt that is used to estimate the aerosol indirect effect. The cloud droplet number concentration is diagnosed empirically from field experiment datasets over land and ocean that observe droplet number and all three aerosol types simultaneously; corrections are made for implied variations in cloud turbulence levels. The resulting cloud droplet number is used to calculate variations in droplet effective radius, which in turn allows us to predict aerosol effects on cloud optical thickness and microphysical process rates. We calculate the aerosol indirect effect by differencing the top-of-the-atmosphere net cloud radiative forcing for simulations with present-day vs. pre-industrial emissions. Both the first (radiative) and second (microphysical) indirect effects are explored. We test the sensitivity of our results to cloud parameterization assumptions that control the vertical distribution of cloud occurrence, the autoconversion rate, and the aerosol scavenging rate, each of which feeds back significantly on the model aerosol burden. The global mean aerosol indirect effect for all three aerosol types ranges from -1.55 to -4.36 W/m2 in our simulations. The results are quite sensitive to the pre-industrial background aerosol burden, with low pre-industrial burdens giving strong indirect effects, and to a lesser extent to the anthropogenic aerosol burden, with large burdens giving somewhat larger indirect effects. Because of this dependence on the background aerosol, model diagnostics such as albedo-particle size correlations and column cloud susceptibility, for which satellite validation products are available, are not good predictors of the resulting indirect effect.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

@article{me04000r,
  author={Menon, S. and Del Genio, A. D. and Koch, D. and Tselioudis, G.},
  title={GCM simulations of the aerosol indirect effect: Sensitivity to cloud parameterization and aerosol burden},
  year={2002},
  journal={J. Atmos. Sci.},
  volume={59},
  pages={692--713},
  doi={10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059%3C0692%3AGSOTAI%3E2.0.CO;2},
}

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - me04000r
AU  - Menon, S.
AU  - Del Genio, A. D.
AU  - Koch, D.
AU  - Tselioudis, G.
PY  - 2002
TI  - GCM simulations of the aerosol indirect effect: Sensitivity to cloud parameterization and aerosol burden
JA  - J. Atmos. Sci.
VL  - 59
SP  - 692
EP  - 713
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059%3C0692%3AGSOTAI%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

[ Close ]

• Return to 2002 Publications

• Return to Publications Homepage