Publication Abstracts

Mearns et al. 1996

Mearns, L.O., C. Rosenzweig, and R. Goldberg, 1996: The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study. Climatic Change, 32, 257-292, doi:10.1007/BF00142465.

We investigate the effect of changes in daily and interannual variability of temperature and precipitation on yields simulated by the CERES-Wheat model at two locations in the central Great Plains. Changes in variability were effected by adjusting parameters in the Richardson daily weather generator. Two types of changes in precipitation were created: one with both intensity and frequency changes; and another with change only in persistence. In both types mean total monthly precipitation is held constant. Changes in daily (and interannual) variability of temperature result in substantial changes in the mean and variability of simulated wheat yields. With a doubling of temperature variability, large reductions in mean yield and increases in variability of yield result primarily from crop failures due to winter kill at both locations. Reduced temperature variability has little effect. Changes in daily precipitation variability also resulted in substantial changes in mean and variability of yield. Interesting interactions of the precipitation variability changes with the contrasting base climates are found at the two locations. At one site where soil moisture is not limiting, mean yield decreased and variability of yield increased with increasing precipitation variability, whereas mean yields increased at the other location, where soil moisture is limiting. Yield changes were similar for the two different types of precipitation variability change investigated. Compared to an earlier study for the same locations wherein variability changes were effected by altering observed time series, and the focus was on interannual variability, the present results for yield changes are much more substantial. This study demonstrates the importance of taking into account change in daily (and interannual) variability of climate when analyzing the effect of climate change on crop yields.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{me01000b,
  author={Mearns, L. O. and Rosenzweig, C. and Goldberg, R.},
  title={The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study},
  year={1996},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  volume={32},
  pages={257--292},
  doi={10.1007/BF00142465},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - me01000b
AU  - Mearns, L. O.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
AU  - Goldberg, R.
PY  - 1996
TI  - The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study
JA  - Climatic Change
VL  - 32
SP  - 257
EP  - 292
DO  - 10.1007/BF00142465
ER  -

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