Publication Abstracts

Lynch-Stieglitz 1995

Lynch-Stieglitz, M., 1995: The Development and Validation of a New Land Surface Model for Regional and Global Climate Modeling. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

A new land-surface scheme intended for use in mesoscale and global climate models has been developed and validated. The ground scheme consists of 6 soil layers. Diffusion and a modified tipping bucket model govern heat and water flow respectively. A 3 layer snow model has been incorporated into a modified BEST vegetation scheme. TOPMODEL equations and Digital Elevation Model data are used to generate baseflow which supports lowland saturated zones. Soil moisture heterogeneity represented by saturated lowlands subsequently impacts watershed evapotranspiration, the partitioning of surface fluxes, and the development of the storm hydrograph. Five years of meteorological and hydrological data from the Sleepers river watershed located in the eastern highlands of Vermont where winter snow cover is significant were then used to drive and validate the new scheme. Site validation data were sufficient to evaluate model performance with regard to various aspects of the watershed water balance, including snowpack growth/ablation, the spring snowmelt hydrograph, storm hydrographs, and the seasonal development of watershed evapotranspiration and soil moisture. By including topographic effects, not only are the main spring hydrographs and individual storm hydrographs adequately resolved, but the mechanisms generating runoff are consistent with current views of hydrologic processes. The seasonal movement of the mean water table depth and the saturated area of the watershed are consistent with site data and the overall model hydroclimatology, including the surface fluxes, seems reasonable.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

@phdthesis{ly09000a,
  author={Lynch-Stieglitz, M.},
  title={The Development and Validation of a New Land Surface Model for Regional and Global Climate Modeling},
  year={1995},
  school={Columbia University},
  address={New York, N.Y.},
}

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

TY  - THES
ID  - ly09000a
AU  - Lynch-Stieglitz, M.
PY  - 1995
BT  - The Development and Validation of a New Land Surface Model for Regional and Global Climate Modeling
PB  - Columbia University
CY  - New York, N.Y.
ER  -

[ Close ]

➤ Return to 1995 Publications

➤ Return to Publications Homepage