Publication Abstracts

Liu et al. 2017

Liu, J., H. Yang, S.N. Gosling, M. Kummu, M. Flörke, S. Pfister, N. Hanasaki, Y. Wada, X. Zhang, C. Zheng, J. Alcamo, and T. Oki, 2017: Water scarcity assessments in the past, present and future. Earth's Future, 5, no. 6, 545-559, doi:10.1002/2016EF000518.

Water scarcity has become a major constraint to socio-economic development and a threat to livelihood in increasing parts of the world. Since the late 1980s, water scarcity research has attracted much political and public attention. We here review a variety of indicators that have been developed to capture different characteristics of water scarcity. Population, water availability, and water use are the key elements of these indicators. Most of the progress made in the last few decades has been on the quantification of water availability and use by applying spatially explicit models. However, challenges remain on appropriate incorporation of green water (soil moisture), water quality, environmental flow requirements, globalization, and virtual water trade in water scarcity assessment. Meanwhile, inter- and intra-annual variability of water availability and use also calls for assessing the temporal dimension of water scarcity. It requires concerted efforts of hydrologists, economists, social scientists, and environmental scientists to develop integrated approaches to capture the multi-faceted nature of water scarcity.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Liu, J. and Yang, H. and Gosling, S. N. and Kummu, M. and Flörke, M. and Pfister, S. and Hanasaki, N. and Wada, Y. and Zhang, X. and Zheng, C. and Alcamo, J. and Oki, T.},
  title={Water scarcity assessments in the past, present and future},
  journal={Earth's Future},

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RIS Citation

ID  - li09800l
AU  - Liu, J.
AU  - Yang, H.
AU  - Gosling, S. N.
AU  - Kummu, M.
AU  - Flörke, M.
AU  - Pfister, S.
AU  - Hanasaki, N.
AU  - Wada, Y.
AU  - Zhang, X.
AU  - Zheng, C.
AU  - Alcamo, J.
AU  - Oki, T.
PY  - 2017
TI  - Water scarcity assessments in the past, present and future
JA  - Earth's Future
JO  - Earth's Future
VL  - 5
IS  - 6
SP  - 545
EP  - 559
DO  - 10.1002/2016EF000518
ER  -

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