Publication Abstracts

Liao and Rind 1997

Liao, X., and D. Rind, 1997: Local upper tropospheric/lower stratospheric clear-sky water vapor and tropospheric deep convection. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 19543-19557.

Local upper tropospheric and stratospheric water vapor profile retrievals by Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experimetn II for July 1986-1990 are compared with concurrent International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project deep convective clouds to investigate the possible impact of deep convection on upper level moisture distributions. Results show that at low latitudes, clear-sky water vapor values in the upper troposphere (above 300 mbar level) decrease following the onset of convection, perhaps because of compensatory subsidence. The drying lasts for a few hours and then is interrupted by a moistening trend centered at 6 hours after the convection breaks out, perhaps because of the detrainment of cloud liquid water from the convective tower and spreading anvil clouds. From about 9 hours later the tropical lower stratosphere shows moistening occurring. Largely because of these effects, the tropical lower stratosphere has 20-30% more moisture at sunrise compared to sunset. The later stratospheric moistening has the largest correlation significance with convection as well as the largest sampling number, though the absolute variation is much less than the variation in the troposphere. At northern hemisphere summer middle latitudes, upper tropospheric drying follows moist convection events, without an obvious moistening trend in the upper troposphere and impact in the stratosphere. The results indicate that the relationship between local upper tropospheric moisture and convective events is timescale and latitude dependent. They illustrate the utility of high vertical and temporal resolution data for proper averaging and interpretation of convection and water vapor studies.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{li02000x,
  author={Liao, X. and Rind, D.},
  title={Local upper tropospheric/lower stratospheric clear-sky water vapor and tropospheric deep convection},
  year={1997},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={102},
  pages={19543--19557},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - li02000x
AU  - Liao, X.
AU  - Rind, D.
PY  - 1997
TI  - Local upper tropospheric/lower stratospheric clear-sky water vapor and tropospheric deep convection
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 102
SP  - 19543
EP  - 19557
ER  -

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