Publication Abstracts

Liu and Horton 2018

Liu, J., and R. Horton, 2018: Arctic sea ice and its role in global change. In Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics. C. Rosenzweig, D. Rind, A. Lacis, and D. Manley, Eds., Lectures in Climate Change, vol. 1, World Scientific, pp. 295-307, doi:10.1142/9789813148796_0014.

Sea ice is an important component of the global climate system. Sea ice forms, grows, and melts in the ocean. Sea ice grows during the fall and winter and melts during the spring and summer. Sea ice can melt completely in summer or survive multiple years. Sea ice can be classified by stages of development (thickness and age), that is, first-year sea ice (ice thickness typically < 1.8 m) and multiyear sea ice (ice thickness typically > 1.8 m). Sea ice occurs in both hemispheres. In the Northern Hemisphere, sea ice develops in the Arctic Ocean and surrounding bodies including Hudson and Baffin Bay, Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Greenland Sea, the Bering Sea, and the Sea of Okhotsk (sea ice can be observed as far south as Bohai Bay, China, ∼38°N). In the Southern Hemisphere, sea ice only develops around Antarctica, reaching a maximum equatorward extension at around ∼55°S).

During part of the year, sea ice covers about 25 million km2. That means about 7 of the worlds ocean is covered by sea ice. Arctic sea ice cover usually reaches its seasonal maximum in March, about 1516 million km2 and minimum in September, about 7 million km2. Antarctic sea ice usually reaches its maximum extent in September, about 1820 million km2 and minimum extent in February, about 3 million km2.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Liu, J. and Horton, R.},
  editor={Rosenzweig, C. and Rind, D. and Lacis, A. and Manley, D.},
  title={Arctic sea ice and its role in global change},
  booktitle={Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics},
  publisher={World Scientific},
  series={Lectures in Climate Change},

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RIS Citation

ID  - li00900m
AU  - Liu, J.
AU  - Horton, R.
ED  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Rind, D.
ED  - Lacis, A.
ED  - Manley, D.
PY  - 2018
TI  - Arctic sea ice and its role in global change
BT  - Our Warming Planet: Topics in Climate Dynamics
T3  - Lectures in Climate Change
VL  - 1
SP  - 295
EP  - 307
DO  - 10.1142/9789813148796_0014
PB  - World Scientific
ER  -

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