Publication Abstracts

Lerner et al. 2021

Lerner, P., A. Romanou, M. Kelley, J. Romanski, R. Ruedy, and G. Russell, 2021: Drivers of air-sea CO2 flux seasonality and its long-term changes in the NASA-GISS model CMIP6 submission. J. Adv. Model Earth Syst., 13, no. 2, e2019MS002028, doi:10.1029/2019MS002028.

Climate change will affect both the mean state and seasonality of marine physical and biogeochemical properties, with important implications for the oceanic sink of atmospheric CO2. Here, we investigate the seasonal cycle of the air-sea exchange of CO2 and pCO2,sw (surface seawater pCO2) and their long term changes using the CMIP6 submission of the NASA-GISS modelE (GISS-E2.1-G). In comparison to the CMIP5 submission (GISS-E2-R), we find that on the global scale, the seasonal cycles of the CO2 flux and NPP have improved, while the seasonal cycles of DIC, alkalinity, and macronutrients have deteriorated. Moreover, for all ocean biogeochemietry fields, changes in skill between E2.1-G and E2-R display large regional variability. For E2.1-G, we find similar modeled and observed CO2 flux seasonal cycles in the subtropical gyres, where seasonal anomalies of pCO2,sw and the flux are temperature-driven, and the Southern Ocean, where anomalies are DIC-driven. Biases in these seasonal cycles are largest in the subpolar and equatorial regions, driven by a combination of biases in temperature, DIC, alkalinity, and wind speed.

When comparing the historical simulation to a simulation with an idealized increase in atmospheric pCO2, we find that the seasonal amplitudes of the CO2 flux and pCO2,sw generally increase. These changes are produced by increases in the sensitivity of pCO2,sw to its respective drivers. These findings are consistent with the notion that the seasonality of pCO2,sw is expected to increase due to the increase of atmospheric pCO2, with changes in the seasonality of temperature, DIC, and alkalinity having secondary influences.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{le06800i,
  author={Lerner, P. and Romanou, A. and Kelley, M. and Romanski, J. and Ruedy, R. and Russell, G.},
  title={Drivers of air-sea CO2 flux seasonality and its long-term changes in the NASA-GISS model CMIP6 submission},
  year={2021},
  journal={J. Adv. Model Earth Syst.},
  volume={13},
  number={2},
  pages={e2019MS002028},
  doi={10.1029/2019MS002028},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - le06800i
AU  - Lerner, P.
AU  - Romanou, A.
AU  - Kelley, M.
AU  - Romanski, J.
AU  - Ruedy, R.
AU  - Russell, G.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Drivers of air-sea CO2 flux seasonality and its long-term changes in the NASA-GISS model CMIP6 submission
JA  - J. Adv. Model Earth Syst.
VL  - 13
IS  - 2
SP  - e2019MS002028
DO  - 10.1029/2019MS002028
ER  -

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