Publication Abstracts

Lenhardt et al. 2023

Lenhardt, E.D., L. Gao, J. Redemann, F. Xu, S.P. Burton, B. Cairns, I. Chang, R.A. Ferrare, C.A. Hostetler, P.E. Saide, C. Howes, Y. Shinozuka, S. Stamnes, M. Kacarab, A. Dobracki, J. Wong, S. Freitag, and A. Nenes, 2023: Use of Lidar aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients to estimate cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations in the Southeast Atlantic. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, no. 7, 2037-2054, doi:10.5194/amt-16-2037-2023.

Accurately capturing cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations is key to understanding the aerosol-cloud interactions that continue to feature the highest uncertainty amongst numerous climate forcings. In situ CCN observations are sparse, and most non-polarimetric passive remote sensing techniques are limited to providing column-effective CCN proxies such as total aerosol optical depth (AOD). Lidar measurements, on the other hand, resolve profiles of aerosol extinction and/or backscatter coefficients that are better suited for constraining vertically resolved aerosol optical and microphysical properties. Here we present relationships between aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficients measured by the airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidar 2 (HSRL-2) and in situ measurements of CCN concentrations. The data were obtained during three deployments in the NASA ObseRvations of Aerosols above CLouds and their intEractionS (ORACLES) project, which took place over the southeast Atlantic (SEA) during September 2016, August 2017, and September-October 2018.

Our analysis of spatiotemporally collocated in situ CCN concentrations and HSRL-2 measurements indicates strong linear relationships between both data sets. The correlation is strongest for supersaturations (S) greater than 0.25% and dry ambient conditions above the stratocumulus deck, where relative humidity (RH) is less than 50%. We find CCN-HSRL-2 Pearson correlation coefficients between 0.95-0.97 for different parts of the seasonal burning cycle that suggest fundamental similarities in biomass burning aerosol (BBA) microphysical properties. We find that ORACLES campaign-average values of in situ CCN and in situ extinction coefficients are qualitatively similar to those from other regions and aerosol types, demonstrating overall representativeness of our data set. We compute CCN-backscatter and CCN-extinction regressions that can be used to resolve vertical CCN concentrations across entire above-cloud lidar curtains. These lidar-derived CCN concentrations can be used to evaluate model performance, which we illustrate using an example CCN concentration curtain from the Weather Research and Forecasting Model coupled with physics packages from the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (WRF-CAM5). These results demonstrate the utility of deriving vertically resolved CCN concentrations from lidar observations to expand the spatiotemporal coverage of limited or unavailable in situ observations.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Lenhardt, E. D. and Gao, L. and Redemann, J. and Xu, F. and Burton, S. P. and Cairns, B. and Chang, I. and Ferrare, R. A. and Hostetler, C. A. and Saide, P. E. and Howes, C. and Shinozuka, Y. and Stamnes, S. and Kacarab, M. and Dobracki, A. and Wong, J. and Freitag, S. and Nenes, A.},
  title={Use of Lidar aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients to estimate cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations in the Southeast Atlantic},
  journal={Atmospheric Measurement Techniques},

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RIS Citation

ID  - le03900p
AU  - Lenhardt, E. D.
AU  - Gao, L.
AU  - Redemann, J.
AU  - Xu, F.
AU  - Burton, S. P.
AU  - Cairns, B.
AU  - Chang, I.
AU  - Ferrare, R. A.
AU  - Hostetler, C. A.
AU  - Saide, P. E.
AU  - Howes, C.
AU  - Shinozuka, Y.
AU  - Stamnes, S.
AU  - Kacarab, M.
AU  - Dobracki, A.
AU  - Wong, J.
AU  - Freitag, S.
AU  - Nenes, A.
PY  - 2023
TI  - Use of Lidar aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients to estimate cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations in the Southeast Atlantic
JA  - Atmos. Meas. Tech.
JO  - Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
VL  - 16
IS  - 7
SP  - 2037
EP  - 2054
DO  - 10.5194/amt-16-2037-2023
ER  -

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