Publication Abstracts

Lewis et al. 2014

Lewis, S.C., A.N. LeGrande, G.A. Schmidt, and M. Kelley, 2014: Comparison of forced ENSO-like hydrological expressions in simulations of the pre-industrial and mid-Holocene. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, no. 12, 7064-7082, doi:10.1002/2013JD020961.

Using the water isotope- and vapor source distribution (VSD) tracer-enabled Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE-R, we examine changing El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-like expressions in the hydrological cycle in a suite of model experiments. We apply strong surface temperature anomalies associated with composite observed El Niño and La Niña events as surface boundary conditions to preindustrial and mid-Holocene model experiments in order to investigate ENSO-like expressions in the hydrological cycle under varying boundary conditions. We find distinct simulated hydrological anomalies associated with El Niño-like ("ENSOWARM") and La Niña-like ("ENSOCOOL") conditions, and the region-specific VSD tracers show hydrological differences across the Pacific basin between El Niño-like and La Niña-like events. The application of ENSOCOOL forcings does not produce climatological anomalies that represent the equal but opposite impacts of the ENSOWARM experiment, as the isotopic anomalies associated with ENSOWARM conditions are generally stronger than with ENSOCOOL and the spatial patterns of change distinct. Also, when the same ENSO-like surface temperature anomalies are imposed on the mid-Holocene, the hydrological response is muted, relative to the preindustrial. Mid-Holocene changes in moisture sources to the analyzed regions across the Pacific reveal potentially complex relationships between ENSO-like conditions and boundary conditions. Given the complex impacts of ENSO-like conditions on various aspects of the hydrological cycle, we suggest that proxy record insights into paleo-ENSO variability are most likely to be robust when synthesized from a network of many spatially diverse archives, which can account for the potential nonstationarity of ENSO teleconnections under different boundary conditions.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{le00600i,
  author={Lewis, S. C. and LeGrande, A. N. and Schmidt, G. A. and Kelley, M.},
  title={Comparison of forced ENSO-like hydrological expressions in simulations of the pre-industrial and mid-Holocene},
  year={2014},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.},
  volume={119},
  number={12},
  pages={7064--7082},
  doi={10.1002/2013JD020961},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - le00600i
AU  - Lewis, S. C.
AU  - LeGrande, A. N.
AU  - Schmidt, G. A.
AU  - Kelley, M.
PY  - 2014
TI  - Comparison of forced ENSO-like hydrological expressions in simulations of the pre-industrial and mid-Holocene
JA  - J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.
VL  - 119
IS  - 12
SP  - 7064
EP  - 7082
DO  - 10.1002/2013JD020961
ER  -

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