Publication Abstracts

Lacis et al. 2022

Lacis, A.A., B.E. Carlson, G.L. Russell, A. Marshak, and W. Su, 2022: Unique NISTAR-based climate GCM diagnostics of the Earth's planetary albedo and spectral absorption through longitudinal data slicing. Front. Remote Sens., 3, 766917, doi:10.3389/frsen.2022.766917.

Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) measurements of Earth's reflected solar and emitted thermal radiation permit a unique model/data comparison perspective that is not readily available from other satellite data. The key factor is the unique Lissajous orbital viewing geometry from the Lagrangian L1 point, which enables a continuous view of Earth's sunlit hemisphere. The National Institute of Standards and Technology Advanced Radiometer (NISTAR) is the DSCOVR Mission energy budget instrument, which views the reflected and emitted radiation of the Earth's sunlit hemisphere by means of single pixel active cavity full-spectrum (Band-A, 0.2-100 µm) and filtered solar wavelength (Band-B, 0.2-4.0 µm; and Band-C, 0.7-4.0 µm) radiometer measurements. An additional solar wavelength photodiode channel (0.3-1.1 µm) provides a calibration reference. The objective of this study is the assessment of climate GCM performance via direct model/data comparisons. Such comparisons are difficult due to quasi-chaotic natural variability present in real-world observational data and in climate GCM simulations. This is where the unique DSCOVR viewing geometry makes possible the longitudinal data slicing methodology fo more direct model/data comparison. The key point of the longitudinal slicing approach is that data integration over the entire sunlit hemisphere eliminates the quasi-chaotic meteorological weather-scale noise, while preserving intra-seasonal and planetary-scale variability. The rotation of the Earth that retrieves this climate-style, large-scale longitudinal and seasonal variability. The hemispheric averaging is accomplished automatically in NISTAR measurements with its single-pixel view of the Earth. For climate GCMs, this requires implementing the Sunlit Hemisphere Sampling (SHS) scheme to operate on the GCM run-time output data, utilizing the DSCOVR Satellite Ephemeris data to assure precise viewing geometry between NISTAR measurements and GCM output data, while averaging out the meteorological weather noise. However, GCM generated data are radiative fluxes, while NISTAR (and EPIC) measurements are near-backscattered radiances. Conversing NISTSR measurements into radiative fluxes cannot be accomplished using NISTAR data alone, even with detailed support from conventional satellite data. But the identical viewing geometry of Earth's sunlit hemisphere, and synergistic analyses of EPIC data make it feasible for this conversion of NISTAR near-backscatter radiances into radiative fluxes.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{la09500h,
  author={Lacis, A. A. and Carlson, B. E. and Russell, G. L. and Marshak, A. and Su, W.},
  title={Unique NISTAR-based climate GCM diagnostics of the Earth's planetary albedo and spectral absorption through longitudinal data slicing},
  year={2022},
  journal={Front. Remote Sens.},
  volume={3},
  pages={766917},
  doi={10.3389/frsen.2022.766917},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - la09500h
AU  - Lacis, A. A.
AU  - Carlson, B. E.
AU  - Russell, G. L.
AU  - Marshak, A.
AU  - Su, W.
PY  - 2022
TI  - Unique NISTAR-based climate GCM diagnostics of the Earth's planetary albedo and spectral absorption through longitudinal data slicing
JA  - Front. Remote Sens.
VL  - 3
SP  - 766917
DO  - 10.3389/frsen.2022.766917
ER  -

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