Publication Abstracts

Kollias et al. 2011

Kollias, P., W. Szyrmer, J. Rémillard, and E. Luke, 2011: Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D13201, doi:10.1029/2010JD015237.

Several aspects of spectral broadening and drizzle growth in shallow liquid clouds remain not well understood. Detailed, cloud-scale observations of microphysics and dynamics are essential to guide and evaluate corresponding modeling efforts. Profiling, millimeter-wavelength (cloud) radars can provide such observations. In particular, the first three moments of the recorded cloud radar Doppler spectra, the radar reflectivity, mean Doppler velocity, and spectrum width, are often used to retrieve cloud microphysical and dynamical properties. Such retrievals are subject to errors introduced by the assumptions made in the inversion process. Here, we introduce two additional morphological parameters of the radar Doppler spectrum, the skewness and kurtosis, in an effort to reduce the retrieval uncertainties. A forward model that emulates observed radar Doppler spectra is constructed and used to investigate these relationships. General, analytical relationships that relate the five radar observables to cloud and drizzle microphysical parameters and cloud turbulence are presented. The relationships are valid for cloud-only, cloud mixed with drizzle, and drizzle-only particles in the radar sampling volume and provide a seamless link between observations and cloud microphysics and dynamics. The sensitivity of the five observed parameters to the radar operational parameters such as signal-to-noise ratio and Doppler spectra velocity resolution are presented. The predicted values of the five observed radar parameters agree well with the output of the forward model. The novel use of the skewness of the radar Doppler spectrum as an early qualitative predictor of drizzle onset in clouds is introduced. It is found that skewness is a parameter very sensitive to early drizzle generation. In addition, the significance of the five parameters of the cloud radar Doppler spectrum for constraining drizzle microphysical retrievals is discussed.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ko09400x,
  author={Kollias, P. and Szyrmer, W. and Rémillard, J. and Luke, E.},
  title={Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications},
  year={2011},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={116},
  pages={D13201},
  doi={10.1029/2010JD015237},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ko09400x
AU  - Kollias, P.
AU  - Szyrmer, W.
AU  - Rémillard, J.
AU  - Luke, E.
PY  - 2011
TI  - Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 116
SP  - D13201
DO  - 10.1029/2010JD015237
ER  -

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