Publication Abstracts

Korolev et al. 2019, submitted

Korolev, A., I. Heckman, M. Wolde, A.S. Ackerman, A.M. Fridlind, L. Ladino, P. Lawson, J. Milbrandt, and E. Williams, 2019: A new look at the environmental conditions favorable to secondary ice production. Atmos. Chem. Phys., submitted, doi:10.5194/acp-2019-611.

This study attempts identification of mechanisms of secondary ice production (SIP) based on the observation of small faceted ice crystals (hexagonal plates or columns) with characteristic sizes smaller than 100 µm. Due to their young age, such small ice crystals can be used as tracers for identifying the conditions for SIP. Observations reported here were conducted in oceanic tropical mesoscale convective systems (MCS) and mid-latitude frontal clouds in the temperature range from 0°C to -15°C heavily seeded by aged ice particles. It was found that both in MCSs and frontal clouds, SIP was observed right above the melting layer and extended to the higher altitudes with colder temperatures. It is proposed that the initiation of SIP above the melting layer is related to the circulation of liquid drops through the melting layer. Liquid drops formed via melting ice particles are advected by the convective updrafts above the melting layer, where they impact with aged ice, freeze and shatter. The ice splinters generated by shattering initiate the chain reaction of SIP. The size of the splinters generated during SIP were estimated as 10 µm or less. In most SIP cases, small secondary ice particles spatially correlated with liquid phase, vertical updrafts and aged rimed ice particles. However, in many cases neither graupel nor liquid drops were observed in the SIP regions, and therefore, the conditions for an active Hallett-Mossop process were not met. A principal conclusion of this work is that the freezing drop shattering mechanism is alone among established SIP mechanisms is plausibly accounting for the measured ice concentrations in the observed conditions. No other SIP mechanisms could be confidently identified from the airborne in-situ observations.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{ko01600j,
  author={Korolev, A. and Heckman, I. and Wolde, M. and Ackerman, A. S. and Fridlind, A. M. and Ladino, L. and Lawson, P. and Milbrandt, J. and Williams, E.},
  title={A new look at the environmental conditions favorable to secondary ice production},
  year={2019},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},
  doi={10.5194/acp-2019-611},
  note={Manuscript submitted for publication}
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - UNPB
ID  - ko01600j
AU  - Korolev, A.
AU  - Heckman, I.
AU  - Wolde, M.
AU  - Ackerman, A. S.
AU  - Fridlind, A. M.
AU  - Ladino, L.
AU  - Lawson, P.
AU  - Milbrandt, J.
AU  - Williams, E.
PY  - 2019
TI  - A new look at the environmental conditions favorable to secondary ice production
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
DO  - 10.5194/acp-2019-611
ER  -

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