Publication Abstracts

Kollias et al. 2011

Kollias, P., W. Szyrmer, J. Rémillard, and E. Luke, 2011: Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D13203, doi:10.1029/2010JD015238.

In part I, the influence of cloud microphysics and dynamics on the shape of cloud radar Doppler spectra in warm stratiform clouds was discussed. The traditional analysis of radar Doppler moments was extended to include skewness and kurtosis as additional descriptors of the Doppler spectrum. Here, a short climatology of observed Doppler spectra moments as a function of the radar reflectivity at continental and maritime ARM sites is presented. The evolution of the Doppler spectra moments is consistent with the onset and growth of drizzle particles and can be used to assist modeling studies of drizzle onset and growth. Time-height radar observations are used to exhibit the coherency of the Doppler spectra shape parameters and demonstrate their potential to improve the interpretation and use of radar observations. In addition, a simplified microphysical approach to modeling the vertical evolution of the drizzle particle size distribution in warm stratiform clouds is described and used to analyze the observations. The formation rate of embryonic drizzle droplets due to the autoconversion process is not calculated explicitly; however, accretion and evaporation processes are explicitly modeled. The microphysical model is used as input to a radar Doppler spectrum forward model, and synthetic radar Doppler spectra moments are generated. Three areas of interest are studied in detail: early drizzle growth near the cloud top, growth by accretion of the well-developed drizzle, and drizzle depletion below the cloud base due to evaporation. The modeling results are in good agreement with the continental and maritime observations. This demonstrates that steady state one-dimensional explicit microphysical models coupled with a forward model and comprehensive radar Doppler spectra observations offer a powerful method to explore the vertical evolution of the drizzle particle size distribution.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ko00500y,
  author={Kollias, P. and Szyrmer, W. and Rémillard, J. and Luke, E.},
  title={Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution},
  year={2011},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={116},
  pages={D13203},
  doi={10.1029/2010JD015238},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ko00500y
AU  - Kollias, P.
AU  - Szyrmer, W.
AU  - Rémillard, J.
AU  - Luke, E.
PY  - 2011
TI  - Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 116
SP  - D13203
DO  - 10.1029/2010JD015238
ER  -

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