Publication Abstracts

Ko et al. 2010

Ko, J., L. Ahuja, B. Kimball, S. Anapalli, L. Ma, T.R. Green, A.C. Ruane, G.W. Wall, P. Pinter, and D.A. Bader, 2010: Simulation of free air CO2 enriched wheat growth and interactions with water, nitrogen, and temperature. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 150, 1331-1346, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.06.004.

Agricultural system simulation models are key tools for assessment of possible impacts of climate change on crop production and environmental quality. In this study, the CERES-Wheat 4.0 module in the RZWQM2 model was calibrated and validated for simulating spring wheat grown under elevated CO2 conditions in the FACE (Free Air CO2 Enrichment) experiments conducted at Maricopa, Arizona, USA from 1992 to 1997. The validated model was then used to simulate the possible impacts of climate change on the crop for a 16-year period centered on 2050 with a projected atmospheric CO2 concentration of 550 ppm. Sixteen General Circulation Model (GCM) projections of climate in response to this CO2 concentration were used for this purpose. In the FACE experiment, the crops were grown under ambient (365-370 ppm) and elevated (550 ppm) CO2 concentrations with two irrigation treatments (wet and dry) in 1992-1993 and 1993-1994, and two nitrogen (N) treatments (high and low N) in 1995-1996 and 1996-1997 crop seasons. The model simulated crop growth and grain yield, and soil water responses to CO2 reasonably well, reproducing variations due to the treatments. Under ambient CO2 in 1992-1993 and 1995-1996, biomass was simulated better in the dry and low N treatments with root mean square difference (RMSD) of 181 and 161 kg/ha, respectively, compared to the wet and high N treatments with RMSD of 259 and 268 kg/ha, respectively. The effects of water and N treatments were higher than those of CO2, and the model reproduced these effects well. Elevated CO2 effects on crop growth were counter-balanced by temperature effects, and projected precipitation had little effect on the simulated crop. The model results provide reasonable confidence for simulations of possible impacts of projected climate change on wheat crop growth in the region, within normal field data uncertainties.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Ko, J. and Ahuja, L. and Kimball, B. and Anapalli, S. and Ma, L. and Green, T. R. and Ruane, A. C. and Wall, G. W. and Pinter, P. and Bader, D. A.},
  title={Simulation of free air CO2 enriched wheat growth and interactions with water, nitrogen, and temperature},
  journal={Agric. Forest Meteorol.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ko00400a
AU  - Ko, J.
AU  - Ahuja, L.
AU  - Kimball, B.
AU  - Anapalli, S.
AU  - Ma, L.
AU  - Green, T. R.
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Wall, G. W.
AU  - Pinter, P.
AU  - Bader, D. A.
PY  - 2010
TI  - Simulation of free air CO2 enriched wheat growth and interactions with water, nitrogen, and temperature
JA  - Agric. Forest Meteorol.
VL  - 150
SP  - 1331
EP  - 1346
DO  - 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.06.004
ER  -

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