Publication Abstracts

Knollenberg et al. 1980

Knollenberg, R., L. Travis, M. Tomasko, P. Smith, B. Ragent, L. Esposito, D. McClesse, J. Martonchik, and R. Beer, 1980: The clouds of Venus: A synthesis report. J. Geophys. Res., 85, 8059-8081, doi:10.1029/JA085iA13p08059.

The results presented represent a synthesis of data from those Pioneer Venus experiments directed toward studying cloud problems. These orbiter and multiprobe experiments show the cloud system to consist of three altitude regions populated by cloud particles and smaller haze particles which extend above and below as well as coexist with the cloud particles. The optical properties derived are only consistent with the largest particles, having platelike morphology. The smallest particles are shown to require changes in chemical composition to explain observed behavior. The medium-sized H2SO4 droplets of 2 micron diameter appear to be the least volatile and are the best understood. The role of the cloud particles in precipitation dynamical processes, lightning, and radiation are all discussed.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Knollenberg, R. and Travis, L. and Tomasko, M. and Smith, P. and Ragent, B. and Esposito, L. and McClesse, D. and Martonchik, J. and Beer, R.},
  title={The clouds of Venus: A synthesis report},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - kn07000g
AU  - Knollenberg, R.
AU  - Travis, L.
AU  - Tomasko, M.
AU  - Smith, P.
AU  - Ragent, B.
AU  - Esposito, L.
AU  - McClesse, D.
AU  - Martonchik, J.
AU  - Beer, R.
PY  - 1980
TI  - The clouds of Venus: A synthesis report
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 85
SP  - 8059
EP  - 8081
DO  - 10.1029/JA085iA13p08059
ER  -

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