Publication Abstracts

Knollenberg et al. 1977

Knollenberg, R.G., J. Hansen, B. Ragent, J. Martonchik, and M. Tomasko, 1977: The clouds of Venus. Space Sci. Rev., 20, 329-354, doi:10.1007/BF02186469.

The current state of knowledge of the Venusian clouds is reviewed. The visible clouds of Venus are shown to be quite similar to low level terrestrial hazes of strong anthropogenic influence. Possible nucleation and particle growth mechanisms are presented. The Pioneer Venus experiments that emphasize cloud measurements are described and their expected findings are discussed in detail. The results of these experiments should define the cloud particle composition, microphysics, thermal and radiative heat budget, rough dynamical features and horizontal and vertical variations in these and other parameters. This information should be sufficient to initialize cloud models which can be used to explain the cloud formation, decay, and particle life cycle.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Knollenberg, R. G. and Hansen, J. and Ragent, B. and Martonchik, J. and Tomasko, M.},
  title={The clouds of Venus},
  journal={Space Sci. Rev.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - kn06000k
AU  - Knollenberg, R. G.
AU  - Hansen, J.
AU  - Ragent, B.
AU  - Martonchik, J.
AU  - Tomasko, M.
PY  - 1977
TI  - The clouds of Venus
JA  - Space Sci. Rev.
VL  - 20
SP  - 329
EP  - 354
DO  - 10.1007/BF02186469
ER  -

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