Publication Abstracts

Klovenski et al. 2022

Klovenski, E.R., Y. Wang, S.E. Bauer, K. Tsigaridis, G. Faluvegi, I. Aleinov, N.Y. Kiang, A. Guenther, X. Jiang, W. Li, and N. Lin, 2022: Interactive biogenic emissions and drought stress effects on atmospheric composition in NASA GISS ModelE. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, no. 10, 13303-13323, doi:10.5194/acp-22-13303-2022.

Drought is a hydroclimatic extreme that causes perturbations to the terrestrial biosphere and acts as a stressor on vegetation, affecting emissions patterns. During severe drought, isoprene emissions are reduced. In this paper, we focus on capturing this reduction signal by implementing a new percentile isoprene drought stress (yd) algorithm in NASA GISS ModelE based on the MEGAN3 (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature Version 3) approach as a function of a photosynthetic parameter (Vc,max) and water stress (β). Four global transient simulations from 2003-2013 are used to demonstrate the effect without yd (Default_ModelE) and with online yd (DroughtStress_ModelE). DroughtStress_ModelE is evaluated against the observed isoprene measurements at the Missouri Ozarks AmeriFlux (MOFLUX) site during the 2012 severe drought where improvements in the correlation coefficient indicate it is a suitable drought stress parameterization to capture the reduction signal during severe drought. The application of yd globally leads to a decadal average reduction of ∼2.7%, which is equivalent to ∼14.6 Tg/yr of isoprene. The changes have larger impacts in regions such as the southeastern US. DroughtStress_ModelE is validated using the satellite ΩHCHO column from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and surface O3 observations across regions of the US to examine the effect of drought on atmospheric composition. It was found that the inclusion of isoprene drought stress reduced the overestimation of ΩHCHO in Default_ModelE during the 2007 and 2011 southeastern US droughts and led to improvements in simulated O3 during drought periods. We conclude that isoprene drought stress should be tuned on a model-by-model basis because the variables used in the parameterization responses are relative to the land surface model hydrology scheme (LSM) and the effects of yd application could be larger than seen here due to ModelE not having large biases of isoprene during severe drought.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Klovenski, E. R. and Wang, Y. and Bauer, S. E. and Tsigaridis, K. and Faluvegi, G. and Aleinov, I. and Kiang, N. Y. and Guenther, A. and Jiang, X. and Li, W. and Lin, N.},
  title={Interactive biogenic emissions and drought stress effects on atmospheric composition in NASA GISS ModelE},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - kl06000g
AU  - Klovenski, E. R.
AU  - Wang, Y.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Faluvegi, G.
AU  - Aleinov, I.
AU  - Kiang, N. Y.
AU  - Guenther, A.
AU  - Jiang, X.
AU  - Li, W.
AU  - Lin, N.
PY  - 2022
TI  - Interactive biogenic emissions and drought stress effects on atmospheric composition in NASA GISS ModelE
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
VL  - 22
IS  - 10
SP  - 13303
EP  - 13323
DO  - 10.5194/acp-22-13303-2022
ER  -

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