Publication Abstracts

Kapos et al. 2021

Kapos, V., M. De Mel, C. Rosenzweig, M. Kolenda, L. Emerton, and H. Neufeldt, 2021: Chapter 6: Nature-based solutions for adaptation. In Adaptation Gap Report 2020, United Nations Environment Programme, pp. 43-76.

There is growing recognition that the global crises of climate change and biodiversity loss are strongly interlinked, with climate change representing a major driver of biodiversity loss, while nature has a fundamental role in both mitigating climate change and enabling us to adapt to it. The growing connections and potential for synergies between climate and biodiversity agendas, and the urgent need for policy and action to secure and harness nature's benefits, are reflected in the growing recognition of nature's contribution to humanity. For example, the fifth United Nations Environment Assembly focuses on "Strengthening Actions for Nature to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals", and the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration will begin in 2021. Most recently, the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated economic crisis have further highlighted the vital importance of our relationship with nature — given the links that have been made between the emergence of the virus and the ongoing destruction of ecosystems and exploitation of wild species — while also delaying urgent action related to the protection and restoration of nature.

Addressing the role of nature in adaptation to climate change is therefore both timely and vital. To date, much of the discussion surrounding nature-based solutions (NbS) has focused on their ability to mitigate climate change. However, their role in adaptation is also of central importance, since the effectiveness of most adaptation action, whether using engineered measures or other approaches, is fundamentally dependent on the continued or enhanced provision of ecosystem services.

Focusing on the national level, this chapter explores progress in uptake and implementation of NbS for adaptation. It first introduces NbS for adaptation and the basis for increasing interest in them, before exploring the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and the role that ecosystems and their services, as well as their management, can play in reducing climate risks and impacts for both people and ecosystems. Following this, the chapter reviews progress in integrating NbS for adaptation into planning and policy at the national level, explores the financing landscape for NbS for adaptation, and describes progress and lessons learned in their implementation. Finally, the chapter highlights barriers to, and enablers for, further scaling-up of NbS for adaptation and provides suggestions for key next steps to advance the contribution of NbS to adaptation globally.

Export citation: [ BibTeX ] [ RIS ]

BibTeX Citation

  author={Kapos, V. and De Mel, M. and Rosenzweig, C. and Kolenda, M. and Emerton, L. and Neufeldt, H.},
  title={Chapter 6: Nature-based solutions for adaptation},
  booktitle={Adaptation Gap Report 2020},
  publisher={United Nations Environment Programme},

[ Close ]

RIS Citation

ID  - ka02400q
AU  - Kapos, V.
AU  - De Mel, M.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
AU  - Kolenda, M.
AU  - Emerton, L.
AU  - Neufeldt, H.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Chapter 6: Nature-based solutions for adaptation
BT  - Adaptation Gap Report 2020
SP  - 43
EP  - 76
PB  - United Nations Environment Programme
ER  -

[ Close ]

• Return to 2021 Publications

• Return to Publications Homepage