Publication Abstracts

Kageyama et al. 2017

Kageyama, M., S. Albani, P. Braconnot, S.P. Harrison, P.O. Hopcroft, R.F. Ivanovic, F. Lambert, O. Marti, W.R. Peltier, J.-Y. Peterschmitt, D.M. Roche, L. Tarasov, X. Zhang, E.C. Brady, A.M. Haywood, A.N. LeGrande, D.J. Lunt, N.M. Mahowald, U. Mikolajewicz, K.H. Nisancioglu, B.L. Otto-Bliesner, H. Renssen, R.A. Tomas, Q. Zhang, A. Abe-Ouchi, P.J. Bartlein, J. Cao, G. Lohmann, R. Ohgaito, X. Shi, E. Volodin, K. Yoshida, X. Zhang, and W. Zheng, 2017: The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 — Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments. Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 4035-4055, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017.

The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21,000 years ago) is one of the suite of paleoclimate simulations included in the current phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). It is an interval when insolation was similar to the present, but global ice volume was at a maximum, eustatic sea level was at or close to a minimum, greenhouse gas concentrations were lower, atmospheric aerosol loadings were higher than today, and vegetation and land-surface characteristics were different from today. The LGM has been a focus for the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) since its inception, and thus many of the problems that might be associated with simulating such a radically different climate are well documented. The LGM state provides an ideal case study for evaluating climate model performance because the changes in forcing and temperature between the LGM and pre-industrial are of the same order of magnitude as those projected for the end of the 21st century. Thus, the CMIP6 LGM experiment could provide additional information that can be used to constrain estimates of climate sensitivity. The design of the Tier 1 LGM experiment (lgm) includes an assessment of uncertainties in boundary conditions, in particular through the use of different reconstructions of the ice sheets and of the change in dust forcing. Additional (Tier 2) sensitivity experiments have been designed to quantify feedbacks associated with land-surface changes and aerosol loadings, and to isolate the role of individual forcings. Model analysis and evaluation will capitalize on the relative abundance of paleoenvironmental observations and quantitative climate reconstructions already available for the LGM.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ka02300g,
  author={Kageyama, M. and Albani, S. and Braconnot, P. and Harrison, S. P. and Hopcroft, P. O. and Ivanovic, R. F. and Lambert, F. and Marti, O. and Peltier, W. R. and Peterschmitt, J.-Y. and Roche, D. M. and Tarasov, L. and Zhang, X. and Brady, E. C. and Haywood, A. M. and LeGrande, A. N. and Lunt, D. J. and Mahowald, N. M. and Mikolajewicz, U. and Nisancioglu, K. H. and Otto-Bliesner, B. L. and Renssen, H. and Tomas, R. A. and Zhang, Q. and Abe-Ouchi, A. and Bartlein, P. J. and Cao, J. and Lohmann, G. and Ohgaito, R. and Shi, X. and Volodin, E. and Yoshida, K. and Zhang, X. and Zheng, W.},
  title={The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 — Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments},
  year={2017},
  journal={Geosci. Model Dev.},
  volume={10},
  pages={4035--4055},
  doi={10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ka02300g
AU  - Kageyama, M.
AU  - Albani, S.
AU  - Braconnot, P.
AU  - Harrison, S. P.
AU  - Hopcroft, P. O.
AU  - Ivanovic, R. F.
AU  - Lambert, F.
AU  - Marti, O.
AU  - Peltier, W. R.
AU  - Peterschmitt, J.-Y.
AU  - Roche, D. M.
AU  - Tarasov, L.
AU  - Zhang, X.
AU  - Brady, E. C.
AU  - Haywood, A. M.
AU  - LeGrande, A. N.
AU  - Lunt, D. J.
AU  - Mahowald, N. M.
AU  - Mikolajewicz, U.
AU  - Nisancioglu, K. H.
AU  - Otto-Bliesner, B. L.
AU  - Renssen, H.
AU  - Tomas, R. A.
AU  - Zhang, Q.
AU  - Abe-Ouchi, A.
AU  - Bartlein, P. J.
AU  - Cao, J.
AU  - Lohmann, G.
AU  - Ohgaito, R.
AU  - Shi, X.
AU  - Volodin, E.
AU  - Yoshida, K.
AU  - Zhang, X.
AU  - Zheng, W.
PY  - 2017
TI  - The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 — Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments
JA  - Geosci. Model Dev.
VL  - 10
SP  - 4035
EP  - 4055
DO  - 10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017
ER  -

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