Publication Abstracts

Jin et al. 2005

Jin, Z., T.P. Charlock, K. Rutledge, G. Cota, R. Kahn, J. Redemann, T. Zhang, D.A. Rutan, and F. Rose, 2005: Radiative transfer modeling for the CLAMS experiment. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, no. 4, 1053-1071, doi:10.1175/JAS3351.1.

Spectral and broadband radiances and irradiances (fluxes) were measured from surface, airborne, and spaceborne platforms in the Chesapeake Lighthouse and Aircraft Measurements for Satellites (CLAMS) campaign. The radiation data obtained on the 4 clear days over ocean during CLAMS are analyzed here with the Coupled Ocean?Atmosphere Radiative Transfer (COART) model. The model is successively compared with observations of broadband fluxes and albedos near the ocean surface from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) sea platform and a low-level OV-10 aircraft, of near-surface spectral albedos from COVE and OV-10, of broadband radiances at multiple angles and inferred top-of-atmosphere (TOA) fluxes from CERES, and of spectral radiances at multiple angles from Airborne Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR), or "AirMISR," at 20-km altidude. The radiation measurements from different platforms are shown to be consistent with each other and with model results. The discrepancies between the model and observations at the surface are less than 10 W/m2 for downwelling and 2 W/m2 for upwelling fluxes. The model?observation discrepancies for shortwave ocean albedo are less than 8%; some discrepancies in spectral albedo are larger but less than 20%. The discrepancies between low-altitude aircraft and surface measurements are somewhat larger than those between the model and the surface measurements; the former are due to the effects of differences in height, aircraft pitch and roll, and the noise of spatial and temporal variations of atmospheric and oceanic properties. The discrepancy between the model and the CERES observations for the upwelling radiance is 5.9% for all angles; this is reduced to 4.9% if observations within 15° of the sun-glint angle are excluded. The measurements and model agree on the principal impacts that ocean optical properties have on upwelling radiation at low levels in the atmosphere. Wind-driven surface roughness significantly affects the upwelling radiances measured by aircraft and satellites at small sun-glint angles, especially in the near-infrared channel of MISR. Intercomparisons of various measurements and the model show that most of the radiation observations in CLAMS are robust, and that the coupled radiative transfer model used here accurately treats scattering and absorption processes in both the air and the water.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ji01200v,
  author={Jin, Z. and Charlock, T. P. and Rutledge, K. and Cota, G. and Kahn, R. and Redemann, J. and Zhang, T. and Rutan, D. A. and Rose, F.},
  title={Radiative transfer modeling for the CLAMS experiment},
  year={2005},
  journal={J. Atmos. Sci.},
  volume={62},
  number={4},
  pages={1053--1071},
  doi={10.1175/JAS3351.1},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ji01200v
AU  - Jin, Z.
AU  - Charlock, T. P.
AU  - Rutledge, K.
AU  - Cota, G.
AU  - Kahn, R.
AU  - Redemann, J.
AU  - Zhang, T.
AU  - Rutan, D. A.
AU  - Rose, F.
PY  - 2005
TI  - Radiative transfer modeling for the CLAMS experiment
JA  - J. Atmos. Sci.
VL  - 62
IS  - 4
SP  - 1053
EP  - 1071
DO  - 10.1175/JAS3351.1
ER  -

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