Publication Abstracts

Ito et al. 2021

Ito, A., A.A. Adebiyi, Y. Huang, and J.F. Kok, 2021: Less atmospheric radiative heating by dust due to the synergy of coarser size and aspherical shape. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 16869-16891, doi:10.5194/acp-21-16869-2021.

Mineral dust aerosols cool and warm the atmosphere by scattering and absorbing solar (shortwave: SW) and thermal (longwave: LW) radiation. However, significant uncertainties remain in dust radiative effects, largely due to differences in the dust size distribution and spectral optical properties simulated in Earth system models. Dust models typically underestimate the coarse dust load (more than 2.5 µm in diameter) and assume a spherical shape, which leads to an overestimate of the fine dust load (less than 2.5 µm) after the dust emissions in the models are scaled to match observed dust aerosol optical depth at 550 nm (DAOD550). Here, we improve the simulated dust properties with data sets that leverage measurements of size-resolved dust concentration, asphericity factor, and refractive index in a coupled global chemical transport model with a radiative transfer module. After the adjustment of size-resolved dust concentration and spectral optical properties, the global and annual average of DAOD550 from the simulation increases from 0.023 to 0.029 and falls within the range of a semi-observationally based estimate (0.030±0.005). The reduction of fine dust load after the adjustment leads to a reduction of the SW cooling at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). To improve agreement against a semi-observationally based estimate of the radiative effect efficiency at TOA, we find that a less absorptive SW dust refractive index is required for coarser aspherical dust. Thus, only a minor difference is estimated for the net global dust radiative effect at TOA (-0.08 vs. -0.00 W/m2 on a global scale). Conversely, our sensitivity simulations reveal that the surface warming is substantially enhanced near the strong dust source regions (less cooling to -0.23 from -0.60 W/m2 on a global scale). Thus, less atmospheric radiative heating is estimated near the major source regions (less heating to 0.15 from 0.59 W/m2 on a global scale), because of enhanced LW warming at the surface by the synergy of coarser size and aspherical shape.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Ito, A. and Adebiyi, A. A. and Huang, Y. and Kok, J. F.},
  title={Less atmospheric radiative heating by dust due to the synergy of coarser size and aspherical shape},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - it05000f
AU  - Ito, A.
AU  - Adebiyi, A. A.
AU  - Huang, Y.
AU  - Kok, J. F.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Less atmospheric radiative heating by dust due to the synergy of coarser size and aspherical shape
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
VL  - 21
SP  - 16869
EP  - 16891
DO  - 10.5194/acp-21-16869-2021
ER  -

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