Publication Abstracts

Hoehler et al. 2023

Hoehler, T.M., D.J. Mankel, P.R. Girguis, T.M. McCollom, N.Y. Kiang, and B.B. Jørgensen, 2023: The metabolic rate of the biosphere and its components. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 120, no. 25, e2303764120, doi:10.1073/pnas.2303764120.

We assessed the relationship between rates of biological energy utilization and the biomass sustained by that energy utilization, at both the organism and biosphere level. We compiled a dataset comprising >10,000 basal, field, and maximum metabolic rate measurements made on >2,900 individual species, and, in parallel, we quantified rates of energy utilization, on a biomass-normalized basis, by the global biosphere and by its major marine and terrestrial components. The organism-level data, which are dominated by animal species, have a geometric mean among basal metabolic rates of 0.012 W (g C)-1 and an overall range of more than six orders of magnitude. The biosphere as a whole uses energy at an average rate of 0.005 W (g C)-1 but exhibits a five order of magnitude range among its components, from 0.00002 W (g C)-1 for global marine subsurface sediments to 2.3 W (g C)-1 for global marine primary producers. While the average is set primarily by plants and microorganisms, and by the impact of humanity upon those populations, the extremes reflect systems populated almost exclusively by microbes. Mass-normalized energy utilization rates correlate strongly with rates of biomass carbon turnover. Based on our estimates of energy utilization rates in the biosphere, this correlation predicts global mean biomass carbon turnover rates of ~2.3 y-1 for terrestrial soil biota, ∼8.5 y-1 for marine water column biota, and ∼1.0 y-1 and ∼0.01 y-1 for marine sediment biota in the 0 to 0.1 m and >0.1 m depth intervals, respectively.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Hoehler, T. M. and Mankel, D. J. and Girguis, P. R. and McCollom, T. M. and Kiang, N. Y. and Jørgensen, B. B.},
  title={The metabolic rate of the biosphere and its components},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ho09800l
AU  - Hoehler, T. M.
AU  - Mankel, D. J.
AU  - Girguis, P. R.
AU  - McCollom, T. M.
AU  - Kiang, N. Y.
AU  - Jørgensen, B. B.
PY  - 2023
TI  - The metabolic rate of the biosphere and its components
JA  - Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
JO  - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
VL  - 120
IS  - 25
SP  - e2303764120
DO  - 10.1073/pnas.2303764120
ER  -

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