Publication Abstracts

Han et al. 1995

Han, Q., W.B. Rossow, R. Welch, A. White, and J. Chou, 1995: Validation of satellite retrievals of cloud microphysics and liquid water path using observations from FIRE. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 4183-4195, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<4183:VOSROC>2.0.CO;2.

Cloud effective radii (r0) and cloud liquid water path (LWP) are derived from ISCCP spatially sampled satellite data and validated with ground-based pyranometer and microwave radiometer measurements taken on San Nicolas Island during the 1987 FIRE IFO. Values of r0 derived from the ISCCP data are also compared to values retrieved by a hybrid method which uses the combination of LWP derived from microwave measurement and optical thickness derived from GOES data. The results show that there is significant variability in cloud properties over a 100 km×80 km area and that the values at San Nicolas Island are not necessarily representative of the surrounding cloud field. On the other hand, even though there were large spatial variations in optical depth, the r0 values remained relatively constant (with σ ≤ 2-3 µm in most cases) in the marine stratocumulus. Furthermore, values of r0 derived from the upper portion of the cloud generally are representative of the entire stratiform cloud. When LWP values are less than 100 g/m2, then LWP values derived from ISCCP data agree well with those values estimated from ground-based microwave measurements. In most cases LWP differences were less than 20 g/m2. However, when LWP values become large (e.g., ≥ 200 g/m2), then relative differences may be as large as 50% to 100%. There are two reasons for this discrepancy in the large LWP clouds: 1) larger vertical inhomogeneities in precipitating clouds, and 2) sampling errors on days of high spatial variability of cloud optical thicknesses. Variations of r0 in stratiform clouds may indicate drizzle: clouds with droplet sizes larger than 15 µm appear to be associated with drizzling, while those less than 10 µm are indicative of non-precipitating clouds. Differences in r0 values between the GOES and ISCCP data sets are found to be 0.16 ± 0.98 µm.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ha07800y,
  author={Han, Q. and Rossow, W. B. and Welch, R. and White, A. and Chou, J.},
  title={Validation of satellite retrievals of cloud microphysics and liquid water path using observations from FIRE},
  year={1995},
  journal={J. Atmos. Sci.},
  volume={52},
  pages={4183--4195},
  doi={10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052%3C4183%3AVOSROC%3E2.0.CO;2},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ha07800y
AU  - Han, Q.
AU  - Rossow, W. B.
AU  - Welch, R.
AU  - White, A.
AU  - Chou, J.
PY  - 1995
TI  - Validation of satellite retrievals of cloud microphysics and liquid water path using observations from FIRE
JA  - J. Atmos. Sci.
VL  - 52
SP  - 4183
EP  - 4195
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052%3C4183%3AVOSROC%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

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