Publication Abstracts

Gutiérrez et al. 2021

Gutiérrez, J.M., R. Ranasinghe, A.C. Ruane, R. Vautard, N. Arnell, E. Coppola, I. Pinto, D. Ruiz Carrascal, J. Sillmann, and C. Tebaldi, 2021: Annex VI: Climatic impact-driver and extreme indices. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou, Eds. Cambridge University Press, pp. 2205-2214, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.020.

In the climate science literature, a number of indices are used to characterize and quantify one or several aspects of climate phenomena occurring due to natural variability or due to long-term changes in the system. There is an extremely large number of examples. One can cite mean global climate indices, such as global mean sea level rise or global surface temperature, which characterize the state of the climate system and act as a shifting baseline for regional changes. One can also examine mean regional trends, for example in mean spring precipitation, which refect large-scale patterns and alter the background conditions within which episodic hazards may occur. One can also calculate indices of extremes characterizing episodic events within the tail of the distributions of specifc variables within their variability range, for instance the annual maximal temperature at a given location or the 100-year return value of river discharge characterizing extreme foods. Such extreme indices have been the subject of a number of studies and have been used to characterize how climate change modifes extreme values of climate variables and subsequent impacts in the IPCC Special Report on 'Managing the risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation' (IPCC, 2012), as well other recent IPCC reports.

Indices can also characterize aspects of climatic impact-drivers (CIDs) that are key to impacts and risks to society and ecosystems. Chapter 12 proposes a defnition of 'climatic impact-driver indices' as 'numerically computable indices using one or a combination of climate variables designed to measure the intensity of the climatic impact-driver, or the probability of exceedance of a threshold. For instance, an index of heat inducing human health stress is the Heat Index (HI) that combines temperature and relative humidity (e.g., Burkart et al., 2011; Lin et al., 2012; Kent et al., 2014) and is used by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for issuing heat warnings'.

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BibTeX Citation

@inbook{gu00200u,
  author={Gutiérrez, J. M. and Ranasinghe, R. and Ruane, A. C. and Vautard, R. and Arnell, N. and Coppola, E. and Pinto, I. and Ruiz Carrascal, D. and Sillmann, J. and Tebaldi, C.},
  editor={Masson-Delmotte, V. and Zhai, P. and Pirani, A. and Connors, S. L. and Péan, C. and Berger, S. and Caud, N. and Chen, Y. and Goldfarb, L. and Gomis, M. I. and Huang, M. and Leitzell, K. and Lonnoy, E. and Matthews, J. B. R. and Maycock, T. K. and Waterfield, T. and Yelekçi, O. and Yu, R. and Zhou, B.},
  title={Annex VI: Climatic impact-driver and extreme indices},
  booktitle={Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change},
  year={2021},
  pages={2205--2214},
  publisher={Cambridge University Press},
  doi={10.1017/9781009157896.020},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - gu00200u
AU  - Gutiérrez, J. M.
AU  - Ranasinghe, R.
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Vautard, R.
AU  - Arnell, N.
AU  - Coppola, E.
AU  - Pinto, I.
AU  - Ruiz Carrascal, D.
AU  - Sillmann, J.
AU  - Tebaldi, C.
ED  - Masson-Delmotte, V.
ED  - Zhai, P.
ED  - Pirani, A.
ED  - Connors, S. L.
ED  - Péan, C.
ED  - Berger, S.
ED  - Caud, N.
ED  - Chen, Y.
ED  - Goldfarb, L.
ED  - Gomis, M. I.
ED  - Huang, M.
ED  - Leitzell, K.
ED  - Lonnoy, E.
ED  - Matthews, J. B. R.
ED  - Maycock, T. K.
ED  - Waterfield, T.
ED  - Yelekçi, O.
ED  - Yu, R.
ED  - Zhou, B.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Annex VI: Climatic impact-driver and extreme indices
BT  - Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
SP  - 2205
EP  - 2214
DO  - 10.1017/9781009157896.020
PB  - Cambridge University Press
ER  -

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