Publication Abstracts

Geogdzhayev et al. 2021

Geogdzhayev, I.V., A. Marshak, and M. Alexandrov, 2021: Calibration of the DSCOVR EPIC visible and NIR channels using multiple LEO radiometers. Front. Remote Sens., 2, 671933, doi:10.3389/frsen.2021.671933.

The first five years of operation of the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) at the Lagrange one point have produced results that uniquely complement the data from currently operating low orbit Earth-observing instruments. In this paper we describe an updated unified approach to EPIC calibration. In this approach, calibration coefficients and their trends were obtained by comparing EPIC observations to the measurements from polar orbiting radiometers. In this study L1B reflectances from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard the Aqua and Terra satellites, Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) onboard Terra and Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) spacecraft were used to infer calibration coefficients for four EPIC visible and near-infrared channels: 443 nm, 551 nm, 680 nm, and 780 nm. EPIC Version three measurements made between June 2015 and August 2020 were used for comparison. The calibration procedure identifies the most homogeneous low Earth orbit radiometer scenes matching scattering angles that are temporarily and spatially collocated with EPIC observations. These scenes are used to determine reflectance to count (R/C) ratios in spectrally analogous channels. Seasonal average R/C ratios were analyzed to obtain EPIC calibration gains and trends. The trends for the full dataset period are not statistically significant except in the 443 nm channel. No significant changes in calibration were found after the instrument's exit from safe hold in March 2020. The R/C ratios were also used to determine the differences in EPIC gains resulting from separate calibrations: against MODIS Aqua or Terra, as well as against forward or aftward MISR cameras. Statistical tests indicate that the differences between the two datasets are not significant except in the 780 nm channels where Aqua-derived coefficients may be around 2% lower compared to Terra. The dependence of EPIC calibration gains on the instrument scattering angle and on DSCOVR-Earth distance were investigated. Lastly, model Low Earth Orbit (LEO) reflectances calculated to match the EPIC viewing geometry were employed to study how EPIC calibration coefficients depend on EPIC-LEO viewing geometry differences. The effect of LEO and EPIC angular mismatch on calibration was shown to be small.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Geogdzhayev, I. V. and Marshak, A. and Alexandrov, M.},
  title={Calibration of the DSCOVR EPIC visible and NIR channels using multiple LEO radiometers},
  journal={Front. Remote Sens.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ge09200d
AU  - Geogdzhayev, I. V.
AU  - Marshak, A.
AU  - Alexandrov, M.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Calibration of the DSCOVR EPIC visible and NIR channels using multiple LEO radiometers
JA  - Front. Remote Sens.
VL  - 2
SP  - 671933
DO  - 10.3389/frsen.2021.671933
ER  -

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