Publication Abstracts

Field et al. 2021

Field, R.D., J.E. Hickman, I.V. Geogdzhayev, K. Tsigaridis, and S.E. Bauer, 2021: Changes in satellite retrievals of atmospheric composition over eastern China during the 2020 COVID-19 lockdowns. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, no. 24, 18333-18350, doi:10.5194/acp-21-18333-2021.

We examined daily level-3 satellite retrievals of Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) CO, Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) SO2 and NO2, and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) over eastern China to understand how COVID-19 lockdowns affected atmospheric composition. Changes in 2020 were strongly dependent on the choice of background period since 2005 and whether trends in atmospheric composition were accounted for. Over central east China during the 23 January-8 April lockdown window, CO in 2020 was between 3% and 12% lower than average depending on the background period. The 2020 CO was not consistently less than expected from trends beginning between 2005 and 2016 and ending in 2019 but was 3%-4% lower than the background mean during the 2017-2019 period when CO changes had flattened. Similarly for AOD, 2020 was between 14% and 30% lower than averages beginning in 2005 and 14%-17% lower compared to different background means beginning in 2016. NO2 in 2020 was between 30% and 43% lower than the mean over different background periods and between 17% and 33% lower than what would be expected for trends beginning later than 2011. Relative to the 2016-2019 period when NO2 had flattened, 2020 was 30%-33% lower. Over southern China, 2020 NO2 was between 23% and 27% lower than different background means beginning in 2013, the beginning of a period of persistently lower NO2. CO over southern China was significantly higher in 2020 than what would be expected, which we suggest was partly because of an active fire season in neighboring countries. Over central east and southern China, 2020 SO2 was higher than expected, but this depended strongly on how daily regional values were calculated from individual retrievals and reflects background values approaching the retrieval detection limit. Future work over China, or other regions, needs to take into account the sensitivity of differences in 2020 to different background periods and trends in order to separate the effects of COVID-19 on air quality from previously occurring changes or from variability in other sources.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{fi04300i,
  author={Field, R. D. and Hickman, J. E. and Geogdzhayev, I. V. and Tsigaridis, K. and Bauer, S. E.},
  title={Changes in satellite retrievals of atmospheric composition over eastern China during the 2020 COVID-19 lockdowns},
  year={2021},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},
  volume={21},
  number={24},
  pages={18333--18350},
  doi={10.5194/acp-21-18333-2021},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - fi04300i
AU  - Field, R. D.
AU  - Hickman, J. E.
AU  - Geogdzhayev, I. V.
AU  - Tsigaridis, K.
AU  - Bauer, S. E.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Changes in satellite retrievals of atmospheric composition over eastern China during the 2020 COVID-19 lockdowns
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
VL  - 21
IS  - 24
SP  - 18333
EP  - 18350
DO  - 10.5194/acp-21-18333-2021
ER  -

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