Publication Abstracts

Druyan and Hall 1994

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1994: Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM. J. Climate, 7, 261-276, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0261:SOAWDW>2.0.CO;2.

Simulations made with the general circulation model of the NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS GCM) run at 4° latitute by 5° longitude horizontal resolution are analyzed to determine the model's representation of African wave disturbances. Waves detected in the model's lower troposphere over northern Africa during the summer monsoon season exhibit realistic wavelengths of about 2200 km. However, power spectra of the meridional wind show that the waves propagate westward too slowly, with period of 5-10 days, about twice the observed values. This sluggishness is most pronounced during August, consistent with simulated 600-mb zonal winds that are only about half the observed speeds of the midtropospheric jet. The modeled wave amplitudes are strongest over West Africa during the first half of the summer but decrease dramatically by September, contrary to observational evidence. Maximum amplitudes occur at realistic latitudes, 12-20°N, but not as observed near the Atlantic coast. Spectral analyses suggest some wave modulation of precipitation in the 5-8 day band, and compositing shows that precipitation is slightly enhanced east of the wave trough, coincident with southerly winds. Extrema of low-level convergence west of the wave troughs, coinciding with northerly winds, were not preferred ares for simulated precipitation, probably because of the drying effect of this advection, as waves were generally north of the humid zone. The documentation of African wave disturbances in the GISS GCM is a first step toward considering wave influences in future GCM studies of Sahel drought.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Druyan, L. M. and Hall, T. M.},
  title={Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM},
  journal={Journal of Climate},

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RIS Citation

ID  - dr07100z
AU  - Druyan, L. M.
AU  - Hall, T. M.
PY  - 1994
TI  - Studies of African wave disturbances with the GISS GCM
JA  - J. Climate
JO  - Journal of Climate
VL  - 7
SP  - 261
EP  - 276
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007%3C0261%3ASOAWDW%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

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