Publication Abstracts

Druyan et al. 2010

Druyan, L.M., M. Fulakeza, P. Lonergan, and R. Worrell, 2010: Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa. Open Atmos. Sci. J., 4, 1-11, doi:10.2174/1874282301004010001.

The study uses the RM3, the regional climate model at the Center for Climate Systems Research of Columbia University and the NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies (CCSR/GISS). The paper evaluates 30 48-hour RM3 weather forecasts over West Africa during September 2006 made on a 0.5° grid nested within 1° Global Forecast System (GFS) global forecasts. September 2006 was the Special Observing Period #3 of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). Archived GFS initial conditions and lateral boundary conditions for the simulations from the US National Weather Service, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration were interpolated four times daily. Results for precipitation forecasts are validated against Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) satellite estimates and data from the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS), which includes rain gauge measurements, and forecasts of circulation are compared to reanalysis 2. Performance statistics for the precipitation forecasts include bias, root-mean-square errors and spatial correlation coefficients. The nested regional model forecasts are compared to GFS forecasts to gauge whether nesting provides additional realistic information. They are also compared to RM3 simulations driven by reanalysis 2, representing "high potential skill" forecasts, to gauge the sensitivity of results to lateral boundary conditions. Nested RM3/GFS forecasts generate excessive moisture advection toward West Africa, which in turn causes prodigious amounts of model precipitation. This problem is corrected by empirical adjustments in the preparation of lateral boundary conditions and initial conditions. The resulting modified simulations improve on the GFS precipitation forecasts, achieving time-space correlations with TRMM of 0.77 on the first day and 0.63 on the second day. One realtime RM3/GFS precipitation forecast made at and posted by the African Centre of Meteorological Application for Development (ACMAD) in Niamey, Niger is shown.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Druyan, L. M. and Fulakeza, M. and Lonergan, P. and Worrell, R.},
  title={Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa},
  journal={Open Atmos. Sci. J.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - dr04300u
AU  - Druyan, L. M.
AU  - Fulakeza, M.
AU  - Lonergan, P.
AU  - Worrell, R.
PY  - 2010
TI  - Regional model nesting within GFS daily forecasts over West Africa
JA  - Open Atmos. Sci. J.
VL  - 4
SP  - 1
EP  - 11
DO  - 10.2174/1874282301004010001
ER  -

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