Publication Abstracts

Druyan et al. 1997

Druyan, L.M., P. Lonergan, and J.L. Cohen, 1997: Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2520-2530, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2520:CSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

African wave disturbances (AWDs), an important trigger of Sahel summer rainfall, are studied using ECMWF gridded datasets for July and August 1987 and 1988. Power spectra of time series of 700-mb meridional winds near Niamey taken from analyses at both 2°x2.5° and 4°x5° horizontal resolution are compared to spectra based on Niamey station data. In addition, spatial distributions of meteorological fields at both resolutions are discussed for three case studies, including the synoptic features of several AWDs. Additional examples are presented from GCM simulations at comparable horizontal resolutions. While vertical motion and divergence centers wewre more extreme at 2°x2.5°, many of the deduced characteristics of an AWD were similar at both resolutions. The higher-resolution analyses and simulation show a sharp transition across wave troughs between lower-troposphere convergence (uplift) on the west and divergence (subsidence) on the east for serveral AWDs. For the two more southerly AWDs analyzed here, uplift associated with the convergence ahead of the trough appears to be displaced to the southwest at midtropospheric altitudes. Twice-daily July-September precipitation at Niamey is weakly, but significantly, correlated with corresponding time series of ECMWF analyzed vertical motion at nearby grid points.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{dr02000x,
  author={Druyan, L. M. and Lonergan, P. and Cohen, J. L.},
  title={Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses},
  year={1997},
  journal={Mon. Weather Rev.},
  volume={125},
  pages={2520--2530},
  doi={10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125%3C2520%3ACSOAWD%3E2.0.CO;2},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - dr02000x
AU  - Druyan, L. M.
AU  - Lonergan, P.
AU  - Cohen, J. L.
PY  - 1997
TI  - Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses
JA  - Mon. Weather Rev.
VL  - 125
SP  - 2520
EP  - 2530
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125%3C2520%3ACSOAWD%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

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