Publication Abstracts

Druyan et al. 1995

Druyan, L., K. Shah, K.-W. Lo, J. Marengo, and G. Russell, 1995: Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 1061-1086, doi:10.1002/joc.3370151002.

The sensitivity of the 4°×5° degree resolution general circulation model of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies to some basic changes in model formulation was studied by comparing parallel simulations forced by global sea-surface temperature of June-August 1987 and 1988. The new modelling schemes were substituted for the control model's parameterizations of moist convection, planetary boundary layer, ground hydrology and cloud optical thickness in a series of sensitivity experiments. In addition, linear and quadratic upstream schemes for advecting tracers were tried in place of second order differencing. Elimination of the vertical mixing of horizontal momentum by moist convection was also tested. Impacts of the new modeling schemes on simulated circulation, temperature and precipitation rates were inferred from pairs of simulations made by model versions that differed with respect to a single change. No discernable positive impacts were found for the new ground hydrology scheme or for changes in the determination! of cloud optical thickness. Profiles of zonal wind speeds and lower tropospheric circulation patterns, both in the tropics, were more realistic when the vertical mixing of horizontal momentum was included. Major improvements in modeling the interannual variability of the planetary circulation, mid-tropospheric temperature and precipitation can be attributed to the salutory effects of the new moist convection, new planetary boundary layer and the quadratic upstream scheme for advecting tracers.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{dr01000b,
  author={Druyan, L. and Shah, K. and Lo, K.-W. and Marengo, J. and Russell, G.},
  title={Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing},
  year={1995},
  journal={Int. J. Climatol.},
  volume={15},
  pages={1061--1086},
  doi={10.1002/joc.3370151002},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - dr01000b
AU  - Druyan, L.
AU  - Shah, K.
AU  - Lo, K.-W.
AU  - Marengo, J.
AU  - Russell, G.
PY  - 1995
TI  - Impacts of model improvements on general circulation model sensitivity to sea-surface temperature forcing
JA  - Int. J. Climatol.
VL  - 15
SP  - 1061
EP  - 1086
DO  - 10.1002/joc.3370151002
ER  -

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