Publication Abstracts

Da Silva et al. 2022

Da Silva, K.A., R.A. Snyder, M.S. Packalen, J.W. McLaughlin, D.M. Peteet, and S.A. Finkelstein, 2022: Mineral inputs, paleoecological change, and Holocene carbon accumulation at a boreal peatland in the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Canada. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 596, 110996, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.110996.

The Hudson Bay Lowlands (HBL) is a vast contiguous peatland extending over >370,000 km2 in Canada's boreal-subarctic, and is the traditional land of the Omushkego Cree. It is currently undergoing climatic warming alongside other anthropogenic stressors, and contains a large below-ground carbon pool. Understanding how climate variability and multiple stressors impact peat accumulation in this region is critical to discerning how northern peatlands will respond to future climate and land-use changes. Pollen- and macrofossil-based paleoecological reconstructions, and analyses of aluminum (Al) and titanium (Ti) fluxes in a Holocene-aged peat core (VM375) taken from a bog in the Attawapiskat watershed were conducted to link ecosystem changes with hydroclimate and long-term carbon storage. Peat initiation is dated to 5780 cal yr B.P., coincident with land emergence driven by glacial isostatic adjustment. From 4500 to 4200 cal yr B.P., apparent rate of carbon accumulation increased, and was linked to more rapid rates of peat accretion and increases in minerotrophic indicators in the pollen record. This increase in peat accretion and shift in vegetation composition co-occur with higher rates of mineral influx as shown by Ti and Al concentrations, which may have supplied nutrients. A fen to bog transition takes place ∼3300 cal yr B.P., with increases in Sphagnum spores and macrofossils, and a decline in the apparent rate of carbon accumulation relative to the earlier half of the record, where paleoecological proxies indicate treed wetland and fen stages. Since peat inception, the total carbon stock of the 260-cm peat column is 110 kg C m-2. This multi-proxy record shows an association between changing peat types and variability in apparent rates of carbon accumulation, and supports the hypothesis that mineral nutrients either supplied by surface hydrology or by eolian deposition played a role in Holocene peat carbon accumulation in eastern North American boreal peatlands.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{da05300j,
  author={Da Silva, K. A. and Snyder, R. A. and Packalen, M. S. and McLaughlin, J. W. and Peteet, D. M. and Finkelstein, S. A.},
  title={Mineral inputs, paleoecological change, and Holocene carbon accumulation at a boreal peatland in the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Canada},
  year={2022},
  journal={Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.},
  volume={596},
  pages={110996},
  doi={10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.110996},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - da05300j
AU  - Da Silva, K. A.
AU  - Snyder, R. A.
AU  - Packalen, M. S.
AU  - McLaughlin, J. W.
AU  - Peteet, D. M.
AU  - Finkelstein, S. A.
PY  - 2022
TI  - Mineral inputs, paleoecological change, and Holocene carbon accumulation at a boreal peatland in the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Canada
JA  - Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.
VL  - 596
SP  - 110996
DO  - 10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.110996
ER  -

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