Publication Abstracts

Cook et al. 2007

Cook, B.I., E.R. Cook, P.C. Huth, J.E. Thompson, A. Forster, and D. Smiley, 2007: A cross-taxa phenological dataset from Mohonk Lake, NY and its relationship to climate. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1369-1383, doi:10.1002/joc.1629.

We present a detailed analysis of a rare cross-taxa native species phenology dataset (plant flowering, insect first sighting, and amphibian first sighting) from Mohonk Lake, NY. This dataset is highly unusual in North America for its longevity of record, consistency of methodology and location, diversity of species available, and availability of local daily meteorological data. For each phenology series, we examined the flowering and first sighting Julian calendar dates for the existence of temporal trends. Only one of the five animal species (katydid) showed any evidence for a significant trend in first sighting. In contrast, the plant species showed a rich mixture of temporal trends in flowering that could be divided into four classes: woody plant-no trend, woody plant-negative trend, herbaceous plant-negative trend, and herbaceous plant-positive trend. Many of the trends were found to be statistically significant and robust to the method of trend estimation. The data within each of the four plant classes were also pooled as anomalies to provide more complete temporal coverage for tests of trend robustness. The results were strongly consistent with the trends of the individual species within each class and highly significant statistically. We next correlated the flowering and first sighting dates against growing degree-day (GDD) summations for each day of the year to measure the sensitivity of each species to this common form of climatic forcing on phenology. All species showed a significant sensitivity to GDD summations, with peak correlations falling on or near the varying median flowering or first sighting dates. These results were robust whether the GDD analyses were conducted over the complete set of observations for each species (beginning on or after 1928) or over a latter period with a more serially complete set of cross-taxa observations (1970-2002). The GDD correlations indicate significant climate sensitivity in all species, but the different magnitudes of correlation and timing of maximum correlation imply that plant and animal responses to climate changes in the future will not be homogeneous for the tested species at Mohonk Lake.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{co03200f,
  author={Cook, B. I. and Cook, E. R. and Huth, P. C. and Thompson, J. E. and Forster, A. and Smiley, D.},
  title={A cross-taxa phenological dataset from Mohonk Lake, NY and its relationship to climate},
  year={2007},
  journal={Int. J. Climatol.},
  volume={28},
  pages={1369--1383},
  doi={10.1002/joc.1629},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - co03200f
AU  - Cook, B. I.
AU  - Cook, E. R.
AU  - Huth, P. C.
AU  - Thompson, J. E.
AU  - Forster, A.
AU  - Smiley, D.
PY  - 2007
TI  - A cross-taxa phenological dataset from Mohonk Lake, NY and its relationship to climate
JA  - Int. J. Climatol.
VL  - 28
SP  - 1369
EP  - 1383
DO  - 10.1002/joc.1629
ER  -

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