Publication Abstracts

Cook et al. 2014

Cook, B.I., R. Seager, and J.E. Smerdon, 2014: The worst North American drought year of the last millennium: 1934. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, no. 20, 7298-7305, doi:10.1002/2014GL061661.

During the summer of 1934, over 70% of western North America experienced extreme drought, placing this summer far outside the normal range of drought variability and making 1934 the single worst drought year of the last millennium. Strong atmospheric ridging along the West Coast suppressed cold season precipitation across the Northwest, Southwest, and California, a circulation pattern similar to the winters of 1976-1977 and 2013-2014. In the spring and summer, the drying spread to the Midwest and Central Plains, driven by severe precipitation deficits downwind from regions of major dust storm activity, consistent with previous work linking drying during the Dust Bowl to anthropogenic dust aerosol forcing. Despite a moderate La Niña, contributions from sea surface temperature forcing were small, suggesting that the anomalous 1934 drought was primarily a consequence of atmospheric variability, possibly amplified by dust forcing that intensified and spread the drought across nearly all of western North America.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Cook, B. I. and Seager, R. and Smerdon, J. E.},
  title={The worst North American drought year of the last millennium: 1934},
  journal={Geophys. Res. Lett.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - co01800d
AU  - Cook, B. I.
AU  - Seager, R.
AU  - Smerdon, J. E.
PY  - 2014
TI  - The worst North American drought year of the last millennium: 1934
JA  - Geophys. Res. Lett.
VL  - 41
IS  - 20
SP  - 7298
EP  - 7305
DO  - 10.1002/2014GL061661
ER  -

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