Publication Abstracts

Chiou et al. 1993

Chiou, E.W., M.P. McCormick, L.R. McMaster, W.P. Chu, J.C. Larsen, D. Rind, and S. Oltmans, 1993: Intercomparison of stratospheric water vapor observed by satellite experiments: Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II versus Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere and Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4875-4887, doi:10.1029/92JD01629.

This paper presents a comparison of the stratospheric water vapor measurement made by the satellite-borne sensors of the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II), the Nimbus 7 Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS), and the Spacelab 3 Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment. LIMS obtained data for 7 months between November 1978 and May 1979; ATMOS was carried on Shuttle and observed eight profiles from April 30 to May 6, 1985 at approximately 30°N and 50°S; and, SAGE II continues to make measurements since its launch in October 1984. For both 30°N and 50°S in May, the comparisons between SAGE II and ATMOS show agreement within the estimated combined uncertainty of the two experiments. Several important features obtained by LIMS observations have been confirmed by SAGE II: a well-developed hygropause in the lower stratosphere at low- to mid-latitudes, a poleward latitudinal gradient, increasing water vapor mixing ratios with altitude in the tropics, and the transport of dry lower stratospheric water vapor upward and southward in May, and upward and northward in November. A detailed comparative study also indicates that the two previously suggested corrections for LIMS, a correction in tropical lower stratosphere due to a positive temperature bias and the correction above 28 km based on improved emissivities will bring LIMS measurements much closer to those of SAGE II. The only significant difference occurs at high southern latitudes in May below 18 km, where LIMS measurements are 2-3 ppmv greater. It should be noted that LIMS observations are from 16 to 50 km, ATMOS from 14 to 86 km, and SAGE II from mid-troposphere to 40 km. With multiyear coverage, SAGE II observations should be useful for studying tropospheric-stratospheric exchange, for stratospheric transport, and for preparing water vapor climatologies for the stratosphere and the upper troposphere.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{ch01300e,
  author={Chiou, E. W. and McCormick, M. P. and McMaster, L. R. and Chu, W. P. and Larsen, J. C. and Rind, D. and Oltmans, S.},
  title={Intercomparison of stratospheric water vapor observed by satellite experiments: Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II versus Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere and Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy},
  year={1993},
  journal={J. Geophys. Res.},
  volume={98},
  pages={4875--4887},
  doi={10.1029/92JD01629},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - ch01300e
AU  - Chiou, E. W.
AU  - McCormick, M. P.
AU  - McMaster, L. R.
AU  - Chu, W. P.
AU  - Larsen, J. C.
AU  - Rind, D.
AU  - Oltmans, S.
PY  - 1993
TI  - Intercomparison of stratospheric water vapor observed by satellite experiments: Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II versus Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere and Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy
JA  - J. Geophys. Res.
VL  - 98
SP  - 4875
EP  - 4887
DO  - 10.1029/92JD01629
ER  -

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