Publication Abstracts

Bolton et al. 2021

Bolton, S.J., S.M. Levin, T. Guillot, C. Li, Y. Kaspi, G. Orton, M.H. Wong, F. Oyafuso, M. Allison, J. Arballo, S. Atreya, H.N. Becker, J. Bloxham, S.T. Brown, L.N. Fletcher, E. Galanti, S. Gulkis, M. Janssen, A. Ingersoll, J.L. Lunine, S. Misra, P. Steffes, D. Stevenson, J.H. Waite, R.K. Yadav, and Z. Zhang, 2021: Microwave observations reveal the deep extent and structure of Jupiter's atmospheric vortices. Science, 374, no. 6570, 968-972, doi:10.1126/science.abf1015.

Jupiter's atmosphere has a system of zones and belts punctuated by small and large vortices, the largest being the Great Red Spot. How these features change with depth is unknown, with theories of their structure ranging from shallow meteorological features to surface expressions of deep-seated convection. We present observations of atmospheric vortices using the Juno spacecraft's Microwave Radiometer. We found vortex roots that extend deeper than the altitude at which water is expected to condense, and we identified density inversion layers. Our results constrain the three-dimensional structure of Jupiter's vortices and their extension below the clouds.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{bo05400t,
  author={Bolton, S. J. and Levin, S. M. and Guillot, T. and Li, C. and Kaspi, Y. and Orton, G. and Wong, M. H. and Oyafuso, F. and Allison, M. and Arballo, J. and Atreya, S. and Becker, H. N. and Bloxham, J. and Brown, S. T. and Fletcher, L. N. and Galanti, E. and Gulkis, S. and Janssen, M. and Ingersoll, A. and Lunine, J. L. and Misra, S. and Steffes, P. and Stevenson, D. and Waite, J. H. and Yadav, R. K. and Zhang, Z.},
  title={Microwave observations reveal the deep extent and structure of Jupiter's atmospheric vortices},
  year={2021},
  journal={Science},
  volume={374},
  number={6570},
  pages={968--972},
  doi={10.1126/science.abf1015},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - bo05400t
AU  - Bolton, S. J.
AU  - Levin, S. M.
AU  - Guillot, T.
AU  - Li, C.
AU  - Kaspi, Y.
AU  - Orton, G.
AU  - Wong, M. H.
AU  - Oyafuso, F.
AU  - Allison, M.
AU  - Arballo, J.
AU  - Atreya, S.
AU  - Becker, H. N.
AU  - Bloxham, J.
AU  - Brown, S. T.
AU  - Fletcher, L. N.
AU  - Galanti, E.
AU  - Gulkis, S.
AU  - Janssen, M.
AU  - Ingersoll, A.
AU  - Lunine, J. L.
AU  - Misra, S.
AU  - Steffes, P.
AU  - Stevenson, D.
AU  - Waite, J. H.
AU  - Yadav, R. K.
AU  - Zhang, Z.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Microwave observations reveal the deep extent and structure of Jupiter's atmospheric vortices
JA  - Science
VL  - 374
IS  - 6570
SP  - 968
EP  - 972
DO  - 10.1126/science.abf1015
ER  -

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