Publication Abstracts

Bokhari et al. 2017

Bokhari, S.A.A, G. Rasul, A.C. Ruane, G. Hoogenboom, and Ahmad A., 2017: The past and future changes in climate of the rice-wheat cropping zone in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Meteorol., 13, no. 16.

Agriculture is ranked top among Pakistan economic sectors vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change. The agricultural production system is directly affected by weather inputs (temperature, solar radiation, and rainfall) that are projected to change in future (following increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses). Although Climatic extremes such as drought, floods and heat waves, are expected to increase with detrimental consequences for agriculture and livestock production, yet changes in mean climates also pose challenges to sustainable development. This study presents climate change results for five districts within the major rice-wheat productivity zone of Punjab province in Pakistan. The results are focused on RCP8.5 mid-century (2040-2069) scenarios derived from five global climate models (GCMs) output and the Kharif (June-October) and Rabi (November-April) seasons. Analysis of recent historical weather data of Sialkot and Sheikhupura districts shows an increase in minimum temperatures and maximum temperatures and a large variation in rainfall. This temperature change and variability in rainfall are expected to enhance further as we approach 2050s. The mean maximum temperature is projected to increase by 2-2.5°C during the rice growing (Kharif) season and 2.4-2.7° during the wheat growing (Rabi) season. Rainfall during the rice growing season is more uncertain, with projections indicating an increase of 25%-35% in the study region, while a minimal change is expected during the Rabi season. Climax of the rice growing season corresponds with the projected increase in monsoon intensity, leaving no doubt about the crop water demand satisfaction. However, a simultaneous increase in the day and night temperature may affect the growth and development of some critical phenological stages and thus could impact final yield.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{bo01400p,
  author={Bokhari, S. A. A and Rasul, G. and Ruane, A. C. and Hoogenboom, G. and Ahmad A.},
  title={The past and future changes in climate of the rice-wheat cropping zone in Punjab, Pakistan},
  year={2017},
  journal={Pakistan J. Meteorol.},
  volume={13},
  number={16},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - bo01400p
AU  - Bokhari, S. A. A
AU  - Rasul, G.
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
AU  - Hoogenboom, G.
AU  - Ahmad A.
PY  - 2017
TI  - The past and future changes in climate of the rice-wheat cropping zone in Punjab, Pakistan
JA  - Pakistan J. Meteorol.
VL  - 13
IS  - 16
ER  -

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