Publication Abstracts

Bakayoko et al. 2021, in press

Bakayoko, A., C. Galy-Lacaux, V. Yoboué, J.E. Hickman, F. Roux, E. Gardrat, F. Julien, and C. Delon, 2021: Dominant contribution of nitrogen compounds in precipitation chemistry in the Lake Victoria catchment (East Africa). Environ. Res. Lett., in press, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abe25c.

This work provides a complete chemical characterization of rains collected in the tropical rural site of Mbita (Kenya) on the shores of Lake Victoria (annual rainfall 1259.3 mm). We present a wet nitrogen deposition budget including inorganic and organic dissolved nitrogen in relation with atmospheric sources of gases and particles, precipitation rate and air mass transport. A unique two-year monitoring data set (2017-2019), providing 183 rain samples was collected and analyzed according to international standards (WMO/GAW). Considering that precipitation represents the largest contributor of water to the Lake Victoria (80%), this study gives new insights in the seasonality of nutrients wet deposition inputs in the unique natural resource represented by Lake Victoria and its catchment. Four main contributions to the chemical composition of precipitation, were identified: (1) a 28% terrigenous contribution related to crustal and biomass sources (2) a 14% marine contribution related to Indian ocean air masses intrusion, (3) a 15% organic contribution due to volatile organic carbon emissions from biomass burning and vegetation and (4) a predominant nitrogenous contribution of 39% due to livestock and fertilizers, biomass burning and neighboring agricultural fires. Ammonium and nitrate volume weighed mean concentrations are 36.75 and 8.88 µeq L-1, respectively. Rain in Mbita is alkaline (pH=5.8) highlighting neutralization by heterogeneous chemistry. Total nitrogen wet deposition is 8.54 kgN/ha/yr, 58,760 tN/yr for the entire lake, with 26% attributed to dissolved organic nitrogen. A total atmospheric deposition of 15 kgN/ha/yr is estimated taking into account dry deposition estimate from literature, showing that the Lake Victoria ecosystem is exposed to eutrophication. An extensive and regular monitoring of wet and dry nitrogen deposition is highly recommended both in-shore and off-shore to help improving the efficiency of nitrogen use in agricultural areas and reduce nitrogen losses around Lake Victoria.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{ba00700s,
  author={Bakayoko, A. and Galy-Lacaux, C. and Yoboué, V. and Hickman, J. E. and Roux, F. and Gardrat, E. and Julien, F. and Delon, C.},
  title={Dominant contribution of nitrogen compounds in precipitation chemistry in the Lake Victoria catchment (East Africa)},
  year={2021},
  journal={Environ. Res. Lett.},
  doi={10.1088/1748-9326/abe25c},
  note={Manuscript accepted for publication}
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - INPR
ID  - ba00700s
AU  - Bakayoko, A.
AU  - Galy-Lacaux, C.
AU  - Yoboué, V.
AU  - Hickman, J. E.
AU  - Roux, F.
AU  - Gardrat, E.
AU  - Julien, F.
AU  - Delon, C.
PY  - 2021
TI  - Dominant contribution of nitrogen compounds in precipitation chemistry in the Lake Victoria catchment (East Africa)
JA  - Environ. Res. Lett.
DO  - 10.1088/1748-9326/abe25c
ER  -

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