Publication Abstracts

Asseng et al. 2018

Asseng, S., A.M.S. Kheir, B.T. Kassie, G. Hoogenboom, A.I.N. Andelaal, D.Z. Haman, and A.C. Ruane, 2018: Can Egypt become self-sufficient in wheat? Environ. Res. Lett., 13, no. 9, 094012, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aada50.

Egypt produces half of the 20 million tons of wheat that it consumes with irrigation and imports the other half. Egypt is also the world's largest importer of wheat. The population of Egypt is currently growing at 2.2% annually, and projections indicate that the demand for wheat will triple by the end of the century. Combining multi-crop and -climate models for different climate change scenarios with recent trends in technology, we estimated that future wheat yield will decline mostly from climate change, despite some yield improvements from new technologies. The growth stimulus from elevated atmospheric CO2 will be overtaken by the negative impact of rising temperatures on crop growth and yield. An ongoing program to double the irrigated land area by 2035 in parallel with crop intensification could increase wheat production and make Egypt self-sufficient in the near future, but would be insufficient after 2040s, even with modest population growth. Additionally, the demand for irrigation will increase from 6 to 20 billion m3 for the expanded wheat production, but even more water is needed to account for irrigation efficiency and salt leaching (to a total of up to 29 billion m3). Supplying water for future irrigation and producing sufficient grain will remain challenges for Egypt.

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BibTeX Citation

@article{as08000i,
  author={Asseng, S. and Kheir, A. M. S. and Kassie, B. T. and Hoogenboom, G. and Andelaal, A. I. N. and Haman, D. Z. and Ruane, A. C.},
  title={Can Egypt become self-sufficient in wheat?},
  year={2018},
  journal={Environ. Res. Lett.},
  volume={13},
  number={9},
  pages={094012},
  doi={10.1088/1748-9326/aada50},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - JOUR
ID  - as08000i
AU  - Asseng, S.
AU  - Kheir, A. M. S.
AU  - Kassie, B. T.
AU  - Hoogenboom, G.
AU  - Andelaal, A. I. N.
AU  - Haman, D. Z.
AU  - Ruane, A. C.
PY  - 2018
TI  - Can Egypt become self-sufficient in wheat?
JA  - Environ. Res. Lett.
VL  - 13
IS  - 9
SP  - 094012
DO  - 10.1088/1748-9326/aada50
ER  -

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