Publication Abstracts

Assad et al. 2015

Assad, E.D., F.R. Marin, R.O. Valdivia, and C. Rosenzweig, 2015: AgMIP regional activities in a global framework: The Brazil experience. In Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments, Part 2. C. Rosenzweig and D. Hillel, Eds., ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 3. Imperial College Press, pp. 355-374, doi:10.1142/9781783265640_0023.

Agribusiness is responsible for about 30% of the Brazilian economy and is a critical contributing sector for economic growth and foreign exchange. Agriculture accounted for about 23% of GDP and 27% of Brazilian exports in 2013. In 2013 Brazil showed a positive agricultural trade balance of US$99.97 billion. Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugarcane, coffee, tropical fruits, and frozen concentrated orange juice. It has the world's largest commercial cattle herd at 210 million head. Brazil is also an important producer of soybeans, as well as maize, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, and forest products. The remainder of agricultural output is in the livestock sector, mainly the production of beef and poultry, pork, milk, and fish.

Statistics highlight the importance of agriculture for the country's economy, as well as the challenges faced by Brazil related to projected climate change impacts on the agricultural sector. During the last decade, intense interest has been focused on what and how research strategies could help Brazilian agriculture to cope with climate change. The philosophy and protocols of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) have converged with these discussions. Since 2009, Brazil has implemented a national climate change policy, with emphasis on energy, agriculture, industry, and especially on the great effort to reduce deforestation in the Amazon region. In terms of mitigation of greenhouse gases, a set of national actions was defined. In the agriculture sector, a policy of low carbon emissions was adapted, whereby emissions should be reduced by 30% by the year 2020 through the adoption of appropriate agricultural practices. The next principal challenge is the identification of possible adaptations to high temperature, reduction of rainfall, and increased CO≪sub>2.

In order to relate the Brazil experience under the AgMIP framework, we analyzed the impacts of climate change on agriculture and the environment based on two main aspects. The first involves the agricultural sector as a whole, as it is expected that Brazil will play a significant role in global food security in the coming decades. The second aspect relates to the desertification of Brazil's northeast semi-arid region, which has the highest population density of any semi-arid region in the world.

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BibTeX Citation

@inbook{as05000f,
  author={Assad, E. D. and Marin, F. R. and Valdivia, R. O. and Rosenzweig, C.},
  editor={Rosenzweig, C. and Hillel, D.},
  title={AgMIP regional activities in a global framework: The Brazil experience},
  booktitle={Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments, Part 2},
  year={2015},
  pages={355--374},
  publisher={Imperial College Press},
  address={London},
  series={ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 3},
  doi={10.1142/9781783265640_0023},
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - CHAP
ID  - as05000f
AU  - Assad, E. D.
AU  - Marin, F. R.
AU  - Valdivia, R. O.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Rosenzweig, C.
ED  - Hillel, D.
PY  - 2015
TI  - AgMIP regional activities in a global framework: The Brazil experience
BT  - Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments, Part 2
T3  - ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Vol. 3
SP  - 355
EP  - 374
DO  - 10.1142/9781783265640_0023
PB  - Imperial College Press
CY  - London
ER  -

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