Publication Abstracts

Ahsan et al. 2023

Ahsan, H., H. Wang, J. Wu, M. Wu, S.J. Smith, S. Bauer, H. Suchyta, D. Olivié, G. Myhre, H. Matsui, H. Bian, J.-F. Lamarque, K. Carslaw, L. Horowitz, L. Regayre, M. Chin, M. Schulz, R.B. Skeie, T. Takemura, and V. Naik, 2023: The Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (Emissions-MIP): Quantifying model sensitivity to emission characteristics. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, no. 23, 14779-14799, doi:10.5194/acp-23-14779-2023.

Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols and precursor compounds are known to significantly affect the energy balance of the Earth-atmosphere system, alter the formation of clouds and precipitation, and have a substantial impact on human health and the environment. Global models are an essential tool for examining the impacts of these emissions. In this study, we examine the sensitivity of model results to the assumed height of SO2 injection, seasonality of SO2 and black carbon (BC) particulate emissions, and the assumed fraction of SO2 emissions that is injected into the atmosphere as particulate phase sulfate (SO4) in 11 climate and chemistry models, including both chemical transport models and the atmospheric component of Earth system models. We find large variation in atmospheric lifetime across models for SO2, SO4, and BC, with a particularly large relative variation for SO2, which indicates that fundamental aspects of atmospheric sulfur chemistry remain uncertain. Of the perturbations examined in this study, the assumed height of SO2 injection had the largest overall impacts, particularly on global mean net radiative flux (maximum difference of -0.35 W/m2), SO2 lifetime over Northern Hemisphere land (maximum difference of 0.8 d), surface SO2 concentration (up to 59% decrease), and surface sulfate concentration (up to 23% increase). Emitting SO2 at height consistently increased SO2 and SO4 column burdens and shortwave cooling, with varying magnitudes, but had inconsistent effects across models on the sign of the change in implied cloud forcing. The assumed SO4 emission fraction also had a significant impact on net radiative flux and surface sulfate concentration. Because these properties are not standardized across models this is a source of inter-model diversity typically neglected in model intercomparisons. These results imply a need to ensure that anthropogenic emission injection height and SO4 emission fraction are accurately and consistently represented in global models.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Ahsan, H. and Wang, H. and Wu, J. and Wu, M. and Smith, S. J. and Bauer, S. and Suchyta, H. and Olivié, D. and Myhre, G. and Matsui, H. and Bian, H. and Lamarque, J.-F. and Carslaw, K. and Horowitz, L. and Regayre, L. and Chin, M. and Schulz, M. and Skeie, R. B. and Takemura, T. and Naik, V.},
  title={The Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (Emissions-MIP): Quantifying model sensitivity to emission characteristics},
  journal={Atmos. Chem. Phys.},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ah05000f
AU  - Ahsan, H.
AU  - Wang, H.
AU  - Wu, J.
AU  - Wu, M.
AU  - Smith, S. J.
AU  - Bauer, S.
AU  - Suchyta, H.
AU  - Olivié, D.
AU  - Myhre, G.
AU  - Matsui, H.
AU  - Bian, H.
AU  - Lamarque, J.-F.
AU  - Carslaw, K.
AU  - Horowitz, L.
AU  - Regayre, L.
AU  - Chin, M.
AU  - Schulz, M.
AU  - Skeie, R. B.
AU  - Takemura, T.
AU  - Naik, V.
PY  - 2023
TI  - The Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (Emissions-MIP): Quantifying model sensitivity to emission characteristics
JA  - Atmos. Chem. Phys.
VL  - 23
IS  - 23
SP  - 14779
EP  - 14799
DO  - 10.5194/acp-23-14779-2023
ER  -

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