Publication Abstracts

Adames et al. 2019, in press

Adames, Á.F., D. Kim, S.K. Clark, Y. Ming, and K. Inoue, 2019: Scale analysis of moist thermodynamics in a simple model and the relationship between moisture modes and gravity waves. J. Atmos. Sci., in press, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-19-0121.1.

Observations and theory of convectively-coupled equatorial waves suggest that they can be categorized into two distinct groups. Moisture modes are waves whose thermodynamics are governed by moisture fluctuations. The thermodynamics of the gravity wave group, on the other hand, are rooted in buoyancy (temperature) fluctuations. On the basis of scale analysis it is found that a simple nondimensional parameter — akin to the Rossby number — can explain the processes that lead to the existence of these two groups. This parameter, defined as Nmode, indicates that moisture modes arise when anomalous convection lasts sufficiently long so that dry gravity waves eliminate the temperature anomalies in the convective region, satisfying weak temperature gradient (WTG) balance. This process causes moisture anomalies to dominate the distribution of moist enthalpy (or moist static energy), and hence the evolution of the wave. Conversely, convectively-coupled gravity waves arise when anomalous convection eliminates the moisture anomalies more rapidly than dry gravity waves can adjust the troposphere towards WTG balance, causing temperature to govern the moist enthalpy distribution and evolution. Spectral analysis of reanalysis data indicates that slowly-propagating waves (cp ∼ 3 m/s) are likely to be moisture modes while fast waves (cp ∼ 30 m/s) exhibit gravity wave behavior, with "mixed moisture-gravity" waves existing in between. While these findings are obtained from a highly idealized framework, it is hypothesized that they can be extended to understand simulations of convectively-coupled waves in GCMs and the thermodynamics of more complex phenomena.

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BibTeX Citation

@unpublished{ad02100m,
  author={Adames, Á. F. and Kim, D. and Clark, S. K. and Ming, Y. and Inoue, K.},
  title={Scale analysis of moist thermodynamics in a simple model and the relationship between moisture modes and gravity waves},
  year={2019},
  journal={J. Atmos. Sci.},
  doi={10.1175/JAS-D-19-0121.1},
  note={Manuscript accepted for publication}
}

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RIS Citation

TY  - INPR
ID  - ad02100m
AU  - Adames, Á. F.
AU  - Kim, D.
AU  - Clark, S. K.
AU  - Ming, Y.
AU  - Inoue, K.
PY  - 2019
TI  - Scale analysis of moist thermodynamics in a simple model and the relationship between moisture modes and gravity waves
JA  - J. Atmos. Sci.
DO  - 10.1175/JAS-D-19-0121.1
ER  -

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