Publication Abstracts

Abramopoulos et al. 1988

Abramopoulos, F., C. Rosenzweig, and B. Choudhury, 1988: Improved ground hydrology calculations for global climate models (GCMs): Soil water movement and evapotranspiration. J. Climate, 1, 921-941, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001<0921:IGHCFG>2.0.CO;2.

A physically based ground hydrology model is developed to improve the land-surface sensible and latent heat calculations in global climate models (GCMs). The processes of transpiration, evaporation from intercepted precipitation and dew, evaporation from bare soil, infiltration, soil water flow, and runoff are explicitly included in the model. The amount of detail in the hydrologic calculations is restricted to a level appropriate for use in a GCM, but each of the aforementioned processes is modeled on the basis of the underlying physical principles. Data from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) GCM are used as inputs for off-line tests of the ground hydrology model in four 8°×10° regions (Brazil, Sahel, Sahara, and India). Soil and vegetation input parameters are calculated as area-weighted means over the 8°×10° gridbox. This compositing procedure is tested by comparing resulting hydrological quantities to ground hydrology model calculations performed on the 1°×1° cells which comprise the 8°×10° gridbox. Results show that the compositing procedure works well except in the Sahel where lower soil water levels and a heterogeneous land surface produce more variability in hydrological quantities, indicating that a resolution better than 8°×10° is needed for that region. Modeled annual and diurnal hydrological cycles compare well with observations for Brazil, where real world data are available. The sensitivity of the ground hydrology model to several of its input parameters was tested; it was found to be most sensitive to the fraction of land covered by vegetation and least sensitive to the soil hydraulic conductivity and matric potential.

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BibTeX Citation

  author={Abramopoulos, F. and Rosenzweig, C. and Choudhury, B.},
  title={Improved ground hydrology calculations for global climate models (GCMs): Soil water movement and evapotranspiration},
  journal={Journal of Climate},

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RIS Citation

ID  - ab02000x
AU  - Abramopoulos, F.
AU  - Rosenzweig, C.
AU  - Choudhury, B.
PY  - 1988
TI  - Improved ground hydrology calculations for global climate models (GCMs): Soil water movement and evapotranspiration
JA  - J. Climate
JO  - Journal of Climate
VL  - 1
SP  - 921
EP  - 941
DO  - 10.1175/1520-0442(1988)001%3C0921%3AIGHCFG%3E2.0.CO;2
ER  -

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