Annual Publication Indices

2004 Publications

Ackerman, A.S., M.P. Kirkpatrick, D.E. Stevens, and O.B. Toon, 2004: The impact of humidity above stratiform clouds on indirect aerosol climate forcing. Nature, 432, 1014-1017, doi:10.1038/nature03174.

Aires, F., 2004: Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics with application to remote sensing: 1. Network weights. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D10303, doi:10.1029/2003JD004173.

Aires, F., C. Prigent, and W.B. Rossow, 2004: Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics with application to remote sensing: 2. Output errors. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D10304, doi:10.1029/2003JD004174.

Aires, F., C. Prigent, and W.B. Rossow, 2004: Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics with application to remote sensing: 3. Network Jacobians. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D10305, doi:10.1029/2003JD004175.

Aires, F., C. Prigent, and W.B. Rossow, 2004: Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics: A remote sensing application. Neural Comput., 16, 2415-2458.

Aires, F., C. Prigent, and W.B. Rossow, 2004: Temporal interpolation of global surface skin temperature diurnal cycle over land under clear and cloudy conditions. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04313, doi:10.1029/2003JD003527.

Alexandrov, M.D., B.E. Carlson, A.A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and A. Marshak, 2004: Automated algorithm for remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases using MFRSR measurements. In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere IX, 13 Sep. 2004, Maspalomas, Gran Canaria, Spain, Proc. SPIE, vol. 5571, 238, doi:10.1117/12.565306.

Alexandrov, M.D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2004: Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04118, doi:10.1029/2003GL019105.

Alexandrov, M.D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2004: Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1024-1039, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<1024:SPOAOT>2.0.CO;2.

Alfsen-Norodom, C., S.E. Boehme, S. Clemants, M. Corry, V. Imbruce, B.D. Lane, R.B. Miller, C. Padoch, M. Panero, C.M. Peters, C. Rosenzweig, W. Solecki, and D. Walsh, 2004: Managing the megacity for global sustainability: The New York Metropolitan Region as an urban biosphere reserve. Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 1023, 125-141, doi:10.1196/annals.1319.005.

Allison, M., D.H. Atkinson, M.K. Bird, and M.G. Tomasko, 2004: Titan zonal wind corroboration via the Huygens DISR solar zenith angle measurement. In International Workshop on Planetary Probe Atmospheric Entry and Descent Trajectory Analysis and Science, ESA SP-544. A. Wilson, Ed. ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, 125-130.

Baldocchi, D.D., L. Xu, and N.Y. Kiang, 2004: How plant functional-type, weather, seasonal drought, and soil physical properties alter water and energy fluxes of an oak-grass savanna and an annual grassland. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 123, 13-39, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.11.006.

Bauer, S.E., Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, D.A. Hauglustaine, and F. Dentener, 2004: Global modelling of heterogeneous chemistry on mineral aerosol surfaces: The influence on tropospheric ozone chemistry and comparison to observations. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D02304, doi:10.1029/2003JD003868.

Bleck, R., and S. Sun, 2004: Diagnostics of the oceanic thermohaline circulation in a coupled climate model. Glob. Planet. Change, 40, 233-248, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2003.04.002.

Cairns, B., J.D. LaVeigne, A. Rael, and R.D. Granneman, 2004: Atmospheric correction of HyperSpecTIR measurements using the research scanning polarimeter. In Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing VI, 12 Apr. 2004, Orlando, Fla., Proc. SPIE, vol. 5432, 95, doi:10.1117/12.542194.

Cakmur, R.V., R.L. Miller, and O. Torres, 2004: Incorporating the effect of small scale circulations upon dust emission in an AGCM. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D07201, doi:10.1029/2003JD004067.

Canuto, V.M., A. Howard, Y. Cheng, and R.L. Miller, 2004: Latitude-dependent vertical mixing and the tropical thermocline in a global OGCM. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L16305, doi:10.1029/2004GL019891.

Canuto, V.M., A. Howard, P. Hogan, Y. Cheng, M.S. Dubovikov, and L.M. Montenegro, 2004: Modeling ocean deep convection. Ocean Model., 7, 75-95, doi:10.1016/S1463-5003(03)00038-6.

Cheng, Y., V.M. Canuto, and A.M. Howard, 2004: Reply to Comments on "An improved model for the turbulent PBL" by Hassid and Galperin. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1200-1204, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<1200:R>2.0.CO;2.

Cook, B.I., M.E. Mann, P. D'Odorico, and T.M. Smith, 2004: Statistical simulation of the NAO on European winter surface temperatures: applications to phenological modeling. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D16106, doi:10.1029/2003JD004305.

Curry, J.A., A. Bentamy, M.A. Bourassa, D. Bourras, E.F. Bradley, M. Brunke, S. Castro, S.H. Chou, C.A. Clayson, W.J. Emery, L. Eymard, C.W. Cairall, M. Kubota, B. Lin, W. Perrie, R.A. Reeder, I.A. Renfrew, W.B. Rossow, J. Schulz, S.R. Smith, P.J. Webster, G.A. Wick, and X. Zeng, 2004: SEAFLUX. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 409-424, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-3-409.

Delo, C.J., R.M. Kelso, and A.J. Smits, 2004: Three-dimensional structure of a low-Reynolds-number turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech., 512, 47-83, doi:10.1017/S0022112004009693.

Diner, D.J., T.P. Ackerman, T.L. Anderson, J. Bosenberg, A.J. Braverman, R.J. Charlson, W.D. Collins, R. Davies, B.N. Holben, C.A. Hostetler, R.A. Kahn, J.V. Martonchik, R.T. Menzies, M.A. Miller, J.A. Ogren, J.E. Penner, P.J. Rasch, S.E. Schwartz, J.H. Seinfeld, G.L. Stephens, O. Torres, L.D. Travis, B.A. Wielicki, and B. Yu, 2004: PARAGON: An integrated approach for characterizing aerosol climate impacts and environmental interactions. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 14911-1501, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-10-1491.

Diner, D.J., R.A. Chipman, N.A. Beaudry, B. Cairns, and L.D. Foo, 2004: An integrated multiangle, multispectral, and polarimetric imaging concept for aerosol remote sensing from space. In Enabling Sensor and Platform Technologies for Spaceborne Remote Sensing, 8 Nov. 2004, Honolulu, Proc. SPIE, vol. 5659, 88, doi:10.1117/12.579050.

Diner, D.J., R.T. Menzies, R.A. Kahn, T.L. Anderson, J. Bosenberg, R.J. Charlson, B.N. Holben, C.A. Hostetler, M.A. Miller, J.A. Ogren, G.L. Stephens, O. Torres, B.A. Wielicki, P.J. Rasch, L.D. Travis, and W.D. Collins, 2004: Using the PARAGON framework to establish an accurate, consistent, and cohesive long-term aerosol record. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 1535-1548, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-10-1535.

Dlugach, J.M., and M.I. Mishchenko, 2004: The effect of particle shape on microphysical properties of Jovian aerosols retrieved from ground-based spectropolarimetric observations. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 888, 37-46, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.03.023.

Doroshkevich, A., D.L. Tucker, S. Allam, and M.J. Way, 2004: Large scale structure in the SDSS galaxy survey. Astron. Astrophys., 418, 7-23, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20031780.

Druyan, L., M. Fulakeza, and P. Lonergan, 2004: Land surface influences on the West African summer monsoon: Implications for synoptic disturbances. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 86, 261-273, doi:10.1007/s00703-003-0025-z.

Dubovikov, M.M., N.V. Starchenko, and M.S. Dubovikov, 2004: Dimension of the minimal cover and fractal analysis of time series. Physica A, 339, 591-608, doi:10.1016/j.physa.2004.03.025.

Dyudina, U.A., A.D. Del Genio, A.P. Ingersoll, C.C. Porco, R.A. West, A.R. Vasavada, and J.M. Barbara, 2004: Lightning on Jupiter observed in the Hα line by the Cassini imaging science subsystem. Icarus, 172, 24-36, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2004.07.014.

Elachi, C., M.D. Allison, L. Borgarelli, E. Encrenaz, E. Im, M.A. Janssen, W.T.K. Johnson, R.L. Kirk, R.D. Lorenz, J.I. Lunine, D.O. Muhleman, S.J. Ostro, G. Picardi, F. Posa, C.G. Rapley, L.E. Roth, R. Seu, L.A. Soderblom, S. Vetrell, S.D. Wall, C.A. Wood, and H.A. Zebker, 2004: RADAR: The Cassini Titan radar mapper. Space Sci. Rev., 115, 71-110, doi:10.1007/s11214-004-1438-9.

Elias, T.G., B. Cairns, and J. Chowdhary, 2004: Surface optical properties measured by the airborne research scanning polarimeter during the CLAMS experiment. In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII, 8 Sep. 2003, Barcelona, Spain, Proc. SPIE, vol. 5235, 595, doi:10.1117/12.514245.

Fairbridge, R., 2004: Classification of coasts. J. Coastal Res., 20, 155-165.

Field, R.D., Y. Wang, O. Roswintiarti, and Guswanto, 2004: A drought-based predictor of recent haze events in western Indonesia. Atmos. Environ., 38, 1869-1878, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.01.011.

Fridlind, A.M., A.S. Ackerman, E.J. Jensen, A.J. Heymsfield, M.R. Poellot, D.E. Stevens, D. Wang, L.M. Miloshevich, D. Baumgardner, R.P. Lawson, J.C. Wilson, R.C. Flagan, J.H. Seinfeld, H.H. Jonsson, T.M. VanReken, V. Varutbangkul, and T.A. Rissman, 2004: Evidence for the predominance of mid-tropospheric aerosols as subtropical anvil cloud nuclei. Science, 304, 718-722, doi:10.1126/science.1094947.

Gaffin, S.R., C. Rosenzweig, X Xing, and G. Yetman, 2004: Downscaling and geo-spatial gridding of socio-economic projections from the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES). Glob. Environ. Change A, 14, 105-123, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.02.004.

Gauci, V., E. Matthews, N. Dise, B. Walter, D. Koch, G. Granberg, and M. Vile, 2004: Sulfur pollution suppression of the wetland methane source in the 20th and 21st centuries. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101, 12583-12587, doi:10.1073/pnas.0404412101.

Geogdzhayev, I.V., M.I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, 2004: Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: Effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 88, 47-59, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.03.024.

Gianelli, S.M., 2004: Retrieving Aerosols, Ozone, and NO2 Using MFRSR, RSS, and CIMEL Data. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Gornitz, V., S. Hale, K. Larsen, N. Levine, C. Rosenzweig, and L. Sacks, 2004: Bracing for Climate Change in the Constitution State: What Connecticut Could Face. Environmental Defense.

Grewe, V., D.T. Shindell, and V. Eyring, 2004: The impact of horizontal transport on the chemical composition in the tropopause region: Lightning NOx and streamers. Adv. Space Res., 33, 1058-1061, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(03)00589-1.

Gross, B., O. Ogunwuyi, F. Moshary, S. Ahmed, and B. Cairns, 2004: MODIS aerosol retrieval over urban areas. In Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization: Numerical Atmospheric Prediction and Environmental Monitoring, 30 Jul. 2005, San Diego, Cal., Proc. SPIE, vol. 5890, 589016, doi:10.1117/12.616939.

Gross, B., O. Pgunwuyi, F. Moshary, S. Ahmed, and B. Cairns, 2004: Aerosol retrieval over urban areas using spatial regression between V/NIR and MIR Hyperion channels. In Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization: Numerical Atmospheric Prediction and Environmental Monitoring, 31 Jul. 2005, San Diego, Cal., Proc. SPIE, vol. 5547, 111, doi:10.1117/12.560097.

Hall, T.M., and T.W.N. Haine, 2004: Tracer-age symmetry in advective-diffusive flows. J. Marine Sys., 48, 51-59, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2003.01.001.

Hall, T.M., and F.W. Primeau, 2004: Separating the natural and anthropogenic air-sea flux of CO2: The Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L23302, doi:10.1029/2004GL020589.

Hall, T.M., D.W. Waugh, T.W.N. Haine, P.E. Robbins, and S. Khatiwala, 2004: Estimates of anthropogenic carbon in the Indian Ocean with allowance for mixing and time-varying air-sea CO2 disequilibrium. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB1031, doi:10.1029/2003GB002120.

Hansen, J., 2004: Defusing the global warming time bomb. Sci. Amer., 290, no. 3, 68-77.

Hansen, J., T. Bond, B. Cairns, H. Gaeggler, B. Liepert, T. Novakov, and B. Schichtel, 2004: Carbonaceous aerosols in the industrial era. Eos Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 85, no. 25, 241, 245.

Hansen, J., and L. Nazarenko, 2004: Soot climate forcing via snow and ice albedos. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101, 423-428, doi:10.1073/pnas.2237157100.

Hansen, J., and M. Sato, 2004: Greenhouse gas growth rates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101, 16109-16114, doi:10.1073/pnas.0406982101.

Hogrefe, C., J. Biswas, B. Lynn, K. Civerolo, J.-Y. Ku, J. Rosenthal, C. Rosenzweig, C. Goldberg, and P.L. Kinney, 2004: Simulating regional-scale ozone climatology over the eastern United States: Model evaluation results. Atmos. Environ., 38, 2627-2638, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.02.033.

Hogrefe, C., B. Lynn, K. Civerolo, J.-Y. Ku, J. Rosenthal, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, S. Gaffin, K. Knowlton, and P.L. Kinney, 2004: Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D22301, doi:10.1029/2004JD004690.

Jenkings, G., M. McMenamin, L. Sohl, and C. McKay (Eds.), 2004: The Extreme Proterozoic: Geology, Geochemistry, and Climate. AGU Geophysical Monograph 146. American Geophysical Union.

Jiang, Y., Y.L. Yung, S.P. Sander, and L.D. Travis, 2004: Modeling of atmospheric radiative transfer with polarization and its application to the remote sensing of tropospheric ozone. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 84, 169-179, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(03)00140-7.

Jorba, O., C. Pérez, F. Rocadenbosch, and J.M. Baldasano, 2004: Cluster analysis of 4-day back trajectories arriving in the Barcelona area (Spain) from 1997 to 2002. J. Appl. Meteorol., 43, 887-901, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2004)043<0887:CAODBT>2.0.CO;2.

Knowlton, K., J.E. Rosenthal, C. Hogrefe, B. Lynn, S. Gaffin, R. Goldberg, C. Rosenzweig, K. Civerolo, J.-Y. Ku, and P.L. Kinney, 2004: Assessing ozone-related health impacts under a changing climate. Environ. Health Perspect., 112, 1557-1563, doi:10.1289/ehp.7163.

L'Heureux, M.L., M.E. Mann, B.I. Cook, B.E. Gleason, and R.S. Vose, 2004: Atmospheric circulation influences on seasonal precipitation patterns in Alaska during the latter 20th century. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D06106, doi:10.1029/2003JDO03845.

LaVeigne, J.D., B. Cairns, R.D. Granneman, and A. Rael, 2004: Airborne hyperspectral BRDF measurements using the HyperSpecTIR instrument. In Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery X, 12 Apr. 2004, Orlando, Fla., Proc. SPIE, vol. 5425, 273, doi:10.1117/12.541875.

LeGrande, A.N., J. Lynch-Stieglitz, and E.C. Farmer, 2004: Oxygen isotopic composition of Globorotalia truncatulinoides as a proxy for intermediate depth density. Paleoceanography, 19, PA4025, doi:10.1029/2004PA001045.

Levy, P.E., A.D. Friend, A. White, and M.G.R. Cannell, 2004: The influence of land use change on global-scale fluxes of carbon from terrestrial ecosystems. Climatic Change, 67, 185-209, doi:10.1007/s10584-004-2849-z.

Li, L., A.P. Ingersoll, A.R. Vasavada, C.C. Porco, A.D. Del Genio, and S.P. Ewald, 2004: Life cycles of spots on Jupiter from Cassini images. Icarus, 172, 9-23, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2003.10.015.

Liu, J.P., J.A. Curry, and Y. Hu, 2004: Recent Arctic sea ice variability: Connections to the Arctic Oscillation and the ENSO. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L09211, doi:10.1029/2004GL019858.

Liu, J.P., X.J. Yuan, D.G. Martinson, and D. Rind, 2004: Re-evaluating Antarctic sea-ice variability and its teleconnections in a GISS global climate model with improved sea ice and ocean processes. Int. J. Climatol., 24, 841-852, doi:10.1002/joc.1040.

Liu, L., 2004: Optical Characterization of Complex Aerosol and Cloud Particles: Remote Sensing and Climatological Implications. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Liu, L., M.I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S.M. Sakerin, D.M. Kabanov, and O.A. Ershov, 2004: Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 88, 97-109, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.03.031.

Luo, Z., and W.B. Rossow, 2004: Characterizing tropical cirrus life cycle, evolution, and interaction with upper-tropospheric water vapor using Lagrangian trajectory analysis of satellite observations. J. Climate, 17, 4541-4563, doi:10.1175/3222.1.

Lynn, B.H., L. Druyan, C. Hogrefe, J. Dudhia, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, D. Rind, R. Healy, P. Kinney, and J. Rosenthal, 2004: Sensitivity of present and future surface temperatures to precipitation characteristics. Clim. Res., 28, 53-65.

Menon, S., 2004: Current uncertainties in assessing aerosol effects on climate. Ann. Rev. Environ. Resour., 29, 1-30, doi:10.1146/

Mickley, L.J., D.J. Jacob, B.D. Field, and D. Rind, 2004: Climate response to the increase in tropospheric ozone since preindustrial times: A comparison between ozone and equivalent CO2 forcings. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D05106, doi:10.1029/2003JD003653.

Mickley, L.J., D.J. Jacob, B.D. Field, and D. Rind, 2004: Effects of future climate change on regional air pollution episodes in the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24103, doi:10.1029/2004GL021216.

Miller, J.R., and G.L. Russell, 2004: Modeling feedbacks between water and vegetation in the North African climate system. In Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century. S.H. Schneider, J.R. Miller, E. Crist, and P.J. Boston, Eds. MIT Press, 297-308.

Miller, R.L., J.P. Perlwitz, and I. Tegen, 2004: Feedback upon dust emission by dust radiative forcing through the planetary boundary layer. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D24209, doi:10.1029/2004JD004912.

Miller, R.L., J.P. Perlwitz, and I. Tegen, 2004: Modeling Arabian dust mobilization during the Asian summer monsoon: The effect of prescribed versus calculated SST. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, L22214, doi:10.1029/2004GL020669.

Miller, R.L., I. Tegen, and J.P. Perlwitz, 2004: Surface radiative forcing by soil dust aerosols and the hydrologic cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04203, doi:10.1029/2003JD004085.

Mishchenko, M.I., B. Cairns, J.E. Hansen, L.D. Travis, R. Burg, Y.J. Kaufman, J.V. Martins, and E.P. Shettle, 2004: Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: Analysis of measurement requirements. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 88, 149-161, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.03.030.

Mishchenko, M.I., J.W. Hovenier, and D.W. Mackowski, 2004: Single scattering by a small volume element. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, 21, 71-87, doi:10.1364/JOSAA.21.000071.

Mishchenko, M.I., L. Liu, L.D. Travis, and A.A. Lacis, 2004: Scattering and radiative properties of semi-external versus external mixtures of different aerosol types. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 88, 139-147, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2003.12.032.

Mishchenko, M.I., and L.D. Travis, 2004: Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and Stokes parameters. In Photopolarimetry in Remote Sensing. G. Videen, Y. Yatskiv, and M. Mishchenko, Eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1-44.

Mishchenko, M.I., G. Videen, V.A. Babenko, N.G. Khlebtsov, and T. Wriedt, 2004: T-matrix theory of electromagnetic scattering by particles and its applications: A comprehensive reference database. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 88, 357-406, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.002.

Mishra, A.P., T.K. Balasubramanian, R.H. Tipping, and Q. Ma, 2004: Absorption spectroscopy in solid hydrogen: Challenges to experimentalists and theorists. J. Molec. Struct., 695, 103-109, doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2003.10.050.

Myhre, G., F. Stordal, M. Johnsrud, A. Ignatov, M.I. Mishchenko, I.V. Geogdzhayev, D. Tanré, J.-L. Deuzé, P. Goloub, T. Nakajima, A. Higurashi, O. Torres, and B. Holben, 2004: Intercomparison of satellite retrieved aerosol optical depth over the ocean. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 499-513, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<0499:IOSRAO>2.0.CO;2.

Naud, C., J.-P. Muller, M. Haeffelin, Y. Morille, and A. Delaval, 2004: Assessment of MISR and MODIS cloud top heights through inter-comparison with a back-scattering lidar at SIRTA. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04114, doi:10.1029/2003GL018976.

Novakov, T., and J.E. Hansen, 2004: Black carbon emissions in the United Kingdom during the past four decades: An empirical analysis. Atmos. Environ., 38, 4155-4163, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.04.031.

Pérez, C., M. Sicard, O. Jorba, A. Comerón, and J.M. Baldasano, 2004: Summertime re-recirculations of air pollutants over the north-eastern Iberian coast observed from systematic EARLINET lidar measurements in Barcelona. Atmos. Environ., 38, 3983-4000, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.04.010.

Parry, M.L., C. Rosenzweig, A. Iglesias, M. Livermore, and G. Fischer, 2004: Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios. Glob. Environ. Change A, 14, 53-67, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.008.

Paustian, K., B.A. Babcock, J. Hatfield, C.L. Kling, R. Lal, B.A. McCarl, S. McLaughlin, A.R. Mosier, W.M. Post, C.W. Rice, G.P. Robertson, N.J. Rosenberg, C. Rosenzweig, W.H. Schlesinger, and D. Zilberman, 2004: Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Agriculture. Task Force Report No. 141. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology.

Pechony, O., and C. Price, 2004: Schumann resonance parameters calculated with a partially uniform knee model on Earth, Venus, Mars, and Titan. Radio Sci., 39, RS5007, doi:10.1029/2004RS003056.

Pederson, N., E.R. Cook, G.C. Jacoby, D.M. Peteet, and K.L. Griffin, 2004: The influence of winter temperatures on the annual radial growth of six northern range margin tree species. Dendrochronologia, 22, 7-29, doi:10.1016/j.dendro.2004.09.005.

Perlwitz, J., and N. Harnik, 2004: Downward coupling between the stratosphere and troposphere: The relative roles of wave and zonal mean processes. J. Climate, 17, 4902-4909, doi:10.1175/JCLI-3247.1.

Perovich, D.K., B.C. Elder, K.J. Claffey, S. Stammerjohn, R. Smith, S.F. Ackley, H.R. Krouse, and A.J. Gow, 2004: Winter sea-ice properties in Marguerite Bay, Antarctica. Deep Sea Res. II, 51, 2023-2039, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.07.024.

Peterson, A.G., and P.G. Neofotis, 2004: A hierarchical analysis of the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and water availability on the nitrogen and transpiration productivities of velvet mesquite seedlings. Oecologia, 141, 629-640, doi:10.1007/s00442-004-1688-y.

Porco, C.C., R.A. West, S. Squyres, A. McEwen, P. Thomas, C.D. Murray, A. Del Genio, A.P. Ingersoll, T.V. Johnson, G. Neukum, J. Veverka, L. Dones, A. Brahic, J.A. Burns, V. Haemmerle, B. Knowles, D. Dawson, T. Roatsch, K. Beurle, and W. Owen, 2004: Cassini imaging science: Instrument characteristics and capabilities and anticipated scientific investigations at Saturn. Space Sci. Rev., 115, 363-497, doi:10.1007/s11214-004-1456-7.

Prokoph, A., M.R. Rampino, and H. El Bilali, 2004: Periodic components in the diversity of calcareous plankton and geological events over the past 230 Myr. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 207, 105-125, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.004.

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