Annual Publication Indices

2000 Publications

Ackerman, A.S., O.B. Toon, D.E. Stevens, A.J. Heymsfield, V. Ramanathan, and E.J. Welton, 2000: Reduction of tropical cloudiness by soot. Science, 288, 1042-1047, doi:10.1126/science.288.5468.1042.

Ackerman, A.S., O.B. Toon, J.P. Taylor, D.W. Johnson, P.V. Hobbs, and R.J. Ferek, 2000: Effects of aerosols on cloud albedo: Evaluation of Twomey's parameterization of cloud susceptibility using measurements of ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2684-2695, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<2684:EOAOCA>2.0.CO;2.

Aires, F., A. Chédin, and J.-P. Nadal, 2000: Independent component analysis of multivariate time series. Application to the tropical SST variability. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 17437-17456, doi:10.1029/2000JD900152.

Alexandrov, M.D., and A.A. Lacis, 2000: A new three-parameter cloud/aerosol particle size distribution based on the generalized inverse Gaussian density function. Appl. Math. Comput., 116, 153-165, doi:10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00201-5.

Allison, M., 2000: A similarity model for the windy jovian thermocline. Planet. Space Sci., 48, 753-774, doi:10.1016/S0032-0633(00)00032-5.

Allison, M., and M. McEwen, 2000: A post-Pathfinder evaluation of aerocentric solar coordinates with improved timing recipes for Mars seasonal/diurnal climate studies. Planet. Space Sci., 48, 215-235, doi:10.1016/S0032-0633(99)00092-6.

Andreev, A.A., and V.A. Klimanov, 2000: Quantitative Holocene climatic reconstruction from Arctic Russia. J. Paleolimnol., 24, 81-91, doi:10.1023/A:1008121917521.

Bell, N., N. Carslaw, D. Creasey, R. Derwent, D. Heard, M. Jenkin, J. Lee, A. Lewis, J. McQuaid, M.J. Pilling, S. Pascoe, S. Saunders, and P. Seakins, 2000: Development and Applications of a Master Chemical Mechanism. In CMD Annual Report 1999. EUROTRAC-2, International Scientific Secretariat, 72-75.

Blake, R., R. Khanbilvardi, and C. Rosenzweig, 2000: Climate change impacts on New York City's water supply system. J. Amer. Water Resour. Assoc., 36, 279-292, doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2000.tb04267.x.

Bogner, J.E., R.L. Sass, and B.P. Walter, 2000: Model comparison of methane oxidation across a management gradient: Wetlands, rice production systems, and landfill. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 1021-1033, doi:10.1029/1999GB001224.

Borrmann, S., B. Luo, and M. Mishchenko, 2000: Application of the T-Matrix method to the measurement of aspherical (ellipsoidal) particles with forward scattering optical particle counters. J. Aerosol Sci., 31, 789-799.

Brown, D., 2000: A recursive Kohn variational algorithm for the Green's operator: application to the T-matrix. Chem. Phys., 259, 11-26, doi:10.1016/S0301-0104(00)00151-8.

Cairns, B., A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2000: Absorption within inhomogeneous clouds and its parameterization in general circulation models. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 700-714, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0700:AWICAI>2.0.CO;2.

Canuto, V.M., 2000: Semiconvection and overshooting: Schwarzschild and Ledoux criteria revisited. Astrophys. J., 534, L113-L115, doi:10.1086/312654.

Canuto, V.M., 2000: The physics of subgrid scales in numerical simulations of stellar convection: Are they dissipative, advective, or diffusive? Astrophys. J., 541, L79-L82, doi:10.1086/312895.

Canuto, V.M., 2000: Turbulence and laminar structures: Can they co-exist. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 317, 985-988, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03786.x.

Canuto, V.M., 2000: Turbulent convection: Is 2D a good proxy of 3D? Astron. Astrophys., 357, 177-179.

Carslaw, N., N. Bell, A.C. Lewis, J.B. McQuaid, and M.J. Pilling, 2000: A detailed case study of isoprene chemistry during the EASE96 Mace Head campaign. Atmos. Environ., 34, 2827-2836, doi:10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00088-1.

Chandler, M.A., and L.E. Sohl, 2000: Climate forcings and the initiation of low-latitude ice sheets during the Neoproterozoic Varanger glacial interval. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20737-20756, doi:10.1029/2000JD900221.

Chen, T., 2000: Towards a More Complete Understanding of Cloud Radiative Effects. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Chen, T., W.B. Rossow, and Y.-C. Zhang, 2000: Radiative effects of cloud-type variations. J. Climate, 13, 264-286, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0264:REOCTV>2.0.CO;2.

Chen, T., Y.-C. Zhang, and W.B. Rossow, 2000: Sensitivity of atmospheric radiative heating rate profiles to variations of cloud layer overlap. J. Climate, 13, 2941-2959, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2941:SOARHR>2.0.CO;2.

Covey, C., A. Abe-Ouchi, G.J. Boer, B.A. Boville, U. Cubasch, L. Fairhead, G.M. Flato, H. Gordon, E. Guilyardi, X. Jiang, T.C. Johns, H. Le Treut, G. Madec, G.A. Meehl, R.L. Miller, A. Noda, S.B. Power, E. Roeckner, G. Russell, E.K. Schneider, R.J. Stouffer, L. Terray, and J.-S. von Storch, 2000: The seasonal cycle in coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. Clim. Dyn., 16, 775-787, doi:10.1007/s003820000081.

Del Genio, A.D., and A.B. Wolf, 2000: The temperature dependence of the liquid water path of low clouds in the southern Great Plains. J. Climate, 13, 3465-3486, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3465:TTDOTL>2.0.CO;2.

Delaygue, G., V. Masson, J. Jouzel, R.D. Koster, and R.J. Healy, 2000: The origin of Antarctic precipitations: A modeling approach. Tellus, 52B, 19-36, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00951.x.

Druyan, L.M., M.B. Fulakeza, and W. Thiaw, 2000: Regional model simulations of African wave disturbance. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7231-7255, doi:10.1029/2000JD900017.

Druyan, L.M., K.P. Shah, M.A. Chandler, and D. Rind, 2000: GCM hindcasts of SST forced climate variability over agriculturally intensive regions. Climatic Change, 45, 279-322, doi:10.1023/A:1005571213805.

Ferek, R.J., T. Garrett, P.V. Hobbs, S. Strader, D. Johnson, J.P. Taylor, K. Nielsen, A.S. Ackerman, Y. Kogan, Q. Liu, B.A. Albrecht, and D. Babb, 2000: Drizzle suppression in ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2707-2728, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<2707:DSIST>2.0.CO;2.

Flores, R.A., H. Quintana, and M.J. Way, 2000: Deconstructing Abell 3266: A major merger in a quiet cluster. Astrophys. J., 532, 206-213, doi:10.1086/308539.

Fridlind, A.M., and M.Z. Jacobson, 2000: A study of gas-aerosol equilibrium and aerosol pH in the remote marine boundary layer during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE 1). J. Geophys. Res., 105, 17325-17340, doi:10.1029/2000JD900209.

Fridlind, A.M., M.Z. Jacobson, V.-M. Kerminen, R.E. Hillamo, V. Ricard, and J.-L. Jaffrezo, 2000: Analysis of gas-aerosol partitioning in the Arctic: Comparison of size-resolved equilibrium model results with field data. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 19891-19904, doi:10.1029/2000JD900257.

Friend, A.D., and A. White, 2000: Evaluation and analysis of a dynamic terrestrial ecosystem model under preindustrial conditions at the global scale. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 1173-1190, doi:10.1029/1999GB900085.

Fung, I.Y., S.K. Meyn, I. Tegen, S.C. Doney, J.G. John, and J.K.B. Bishop, 2000: Iron supply and demand in the upper ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 281-296, doi:10.1029/1999GB900059.

Gamache, R.R., and R. Lynch, 2000: Argon-induced halfwidths and line shifts of water vapor transitions. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 64, 439-456, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(99)00101-6.

Gornitz, V., 2000: Impoundment, groundwater mining, and other hydrologic transformations: Impacts on global sea level rise. In Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences. B.C. Douglas, M.S. Kearney, and S.P. Leatherman, Eds. Academic Press, 97-119.

Hall, T.M., 2000: Path histories and timescales in stratospheric transport: Analysis of an idealized model. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 22811-22823, doi:10.1029/2000JD900329.

Hall, T.M., and D.W. Waugh, 2000: Stratospheric residence time and its relationship to mean age. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 6773-6782, doi:10.1029/1999JD901096.

Han, Q., W.B. Rossow, J. Chou, and R.W. Welch, 2000: Near-global survey of cloud column susceptibilities using ISCCP data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3221-3224, doi:10.1029/2000GL011543.

Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, N. Tausnev, I. Tegen, and D. Koch, 2000: Climate modeling in the global warming debate. In General Circulation Model Development. D. Randall, Ed. Academic Press, 127-164.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and V. Oinas, 2000: Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 97, 9875-9880, doi:10.1073/pnas.170278997.

Hansen, J.E., 2000: The Sun's role in long-term climate change. Space Sci. Rev., 94, 349-356, doi:10.1023/A:1026748129347.

Harmon, M.E., O.N. Krankina, M. Yatskov, and E. Matthews, 2000: Predicting broad-scale carbon stores of woody detritus from plot-level data. In Assessments Methods for Soil Carbon. R. Lal, J.M. Kimble, R.F. Follett, and B.A. Stewart, Eds. Lewis Publishers, 533-552.

Holzer, M., and T.M. Hall, 2000: Transit-time and tracer-age distributions in geophysical flows. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3539-3558, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<3539:TTATAD>2.0.CO;2.

Houweling, S., F. Dentener, J. Lelieveld, B. Walter, and E. Dlugokencky, 2000: The modeling of tropospheric methane: How well can point measurements be reproduced by a global model? J. Geophys. Res., 105, 8981-9002, doi:10.1029/1999JD901149.

Iglesias, A., C. Rosenzweig, and D. Pereira, 2000: Prediction of spatial impacts of climate in agriculture in Spain. Global Environ. Change, 10, 69-80, doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00010-8.

Jackson, R.B., H.J. Schenk, E.G. Jobbágy, J. Canadell, G.D. Colello, R.E. Dickinson, C.B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, K. Hibbard, D.W. Kicklighter, A. Kleidon, R.P. Neilson, W.J. Parton, O.E. Sala, and M.T. Sykes, 2000: Belowground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecol. Applic., 10, no. 2, 470-483, doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0470:BCOVCA]2.0.CO;2.

Johnson, R.E., D. Schnellenberger, and M.C. Wong, 2000: The sputtering of an oxygen thermosphere by energetic O+. J. Geophys. Res., 105, no. E1, -1670, doi:10.1029/1999JE001058.

Kanakidou, M., K. Tsigaridis, F.J. Dentener, and P.J. Crutzen, 2000: Human-activity-enhanced formation of organic aerosols by biogenic hydrocarbon oxidation. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9243-9354, doi:10.1029/1999JD901148.

Kawabata, K., M. Sato, and L.D. Travis, 2000: A new approach to computing theoretical polarization curves along the low latitude regions of a planetary disk observed at small phase angles. Appl. Math. Comput., 116, 115-132, doi:10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00199-X.

Kelso, R.M., and C. Delo, 2000: Three-dimensional imaging. In Flow Visualization: Techniques and Examples. A.J. Smits, and T.T. Lim, Eds. Imperial College Press, 245-288.

Kouvarakis, G., K. Tsigaridis, M. Kanakidou, and N. Mihalopoulos, 2000: Temporal variations of surface regional background ozone over Crete Island in the southeast Mediterranean. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 4399-4407, doi:10.1029/1999JD900984.

Lacis, A.A., B.E. Carlson, and J.E. Hansen, 2000: Retrieval of atmospheric NO2, O3, aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance information from SAGE II multi-spectral extinction measurements. Appl. Math. Comput., 116, 133-151, doi:10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00200-3.

Lohmann, U., G. Tselioudis, and C. Tyler, 2000: Why is the cloud albedo-particle size relationship different in optically thick and optically thin clouds? Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1099-1102, doi:10.1029/1999GL011098.

Lynch-Stieglitz, J., W.B. Curry, N. Slowey, and G.A. Schmidt, 2000: The overturning circulation of the glacial Atlantic. In Reconstructing Ocean History: A Window into the Future. F. Abrantes, and A. Mix, Eds. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 7-31.

Ma, Q., and R.H. Tipping, 2000: The density matrix of H2O-N2 in the coordinate representation: A Monte Carlo calculation of the far-wing line shape. J. Chem. Phys., 112, 574-584, doi:10.1063/1.480550.

MacDonald, A.E., J.L. Lee, and S. Sun, 2000: QNH: Design and test of a quasi-nonhydrostatic model for mesoscale weather prediction. Mon. Weather Rev., 128, 1016-1036, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<1016:QDATOA>2.0.CO;2.

Matthews, E., 2000: 12. Wetlands. In Atmospheric Methane: Its Role in the Global Environment. M.A.K. Khalil, Ed. Springer Verlag, 202-233.

Menon, S., V.K. Saxena, and B.D. Logie, 2000: Chemical heterogeneity across cloud droplet size spectra in continental and marine air masses. J. Appl. Meteorol., 39, 887-903, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<0887:CHACDS>2.0.CO;2.

Miller, J.R., and G.L. Russell, 2000: Projected impact of climate change on the freshwater and salt budget of the Arctic Ocean by a global climate model. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1183-1186, doi:10.1029/1999GL007001.

Mishchenko, M.I., 2000: Calculation of the amplitude matrix for a nonspherical particle in a fixed orientation. Appl. Opt., 39, 1026-1031, doi:10.1364/AO.39.001026.

Mishchenko, M.I., J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis (Eds.), 2000: Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Applications. Academic Press.

Mishchenko, M.I., J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, 2000: Concepts, terms, notation. In Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Applications. M.I. Mishchenko, J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, Eds. Academic Press, 3-27.

Mishchenko, M.I., and A.A. Lacis, 2000: Manifestations of morphology-dependent resonances in Mie scattering matrices. Appl. Math. Comput., 116, 167-179, doi:10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00202-7.

Mishchenko, M.I., J.-M. Luck, and T.M. Nieuwenhuizen, 2000: Full angular profile of the coherent polarization opposition effect. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, 17, 888-891, doi:10.1364/JOSAA.17.000888.

Mishchenko, M.I., and L.D. Travis, 2000: Polarization and depolarization of light. In Light Scattering from Microstructures. F. Moreno, and F. González, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 159-175.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and A. Macke, 2000: T-matrix method and its applications. In Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Applications. M.I. Mishchenko, J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, Eds. Academic Press, 147-172.

Mishchenko, M.I., W.J. Wiscombe, J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, 2000: Overview of scattering by nonspherical particles. In Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Applications. M.I. Mishchenko, J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, Eds. Academic Press, 29-60.

Moreau, G., J. Boisseles, C. Boulet, R.H. Tipping, and Q. Ma, 2000: Theoretical study of the collision-induced fundamental absorption spectra of O2-O2 pairs for temperatures between 193 and 273 K. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 64, 87-107, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(98)00141-1.

Nadal, J.-P., E. Korutcheva, and F. Aires, 2000: Blind source separation in the presence of weak sources. Neural Networks, 13, 589-596.

Odum, H.T., S.J. Doherty, F.N. Scatena, and P.A. Kharecha, 2000: Emergy evaluation of reforestation alternatives in Puerto Rico. Forest Sci., 46, 521-530.

Pardo, J.R., L. Pagani, G. Olofsson, P. Febvre, and J. Taubere, 2000: Balloon-borne submillimeter observations of upper stratospheric O2 and O3. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 67, 169-190, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(99)00232-0.

Pawson, S., K. Kodera, K. Hamilton, T.G. Shepherd, S.R. Beagley, B.A. Boville, J.D. Farrara, T.D.A. Fairlie, A. Kitoh, W.A. Lahoz, U. Langematz, E. Manzini, D.H. Rind, A.A. Scaife, K. Shibata, P. Simon, R. Swinbank, L. Takacs, R.J. Wilson, J.A. Al-Saadi, H. Amodei, M. Chiba, L. Coy, J. de Grandpré, R.S. Eckman, M. Fiorino, W.L. Grose, H. Koide, J.N. Koshyk, D. Li, J. Lerner, J.D. Mahlman, N.A. McFarlane, C.R. Mechoso, A. Molod, A. O'Neill, R.B. Pierce, W.J. Randel, R.B. Rood, and F. Wuh, 2000: The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial results. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 81, 781-796, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0781:TGIPFS>2.3.CO;2.

Peteet, D., 2000: Sensitivity and rapidity of vegetational response to abrupt climate change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 97, 1359-1361.

Phillips, J., and B. McIntyre, 2000: ENSO and interannual rainfall variability in Uganda: Implications for agricultural management. Int. J. Climatol., 20, 171-182, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(200002)20:2<171::AID-JOC471>3.0.CO;2-O.

Prigent, C., J.-P. Wigneron, W.B. Rossow, and J.R. Pardo-Carrion, 2000: Frequency and angular variations of land surface microwave emissivities: Can we estimate SSM/T and AMSU emissivities from SSM/I emissivities? IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38, 2373-2386, doi:10.1109/36.868893.

Rampino, M.R., A. Prokoph, and A. Adler, 2000: Tempo of the end-Permian event: High-resolution cyclostratigraphy at the Permian-Triassic boundary. Geology, 28, no. 7, 643-646, doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<643:TOTEEH>2.0.CO;2.

Rasch, P.J., J. Feichter, K. Law, N. Mahowald, J. Penner, C. Benkovitz, C. Genthon, C. Giannakopolous, P. Kasibhatla, D. Koch, H. Levy, T. Maki, M. Prather, D.L. Roberts, Roelofs G.-J., D. Stevenson, Z. Stockwell, S. Taguchi, M. Kritz, M. Chipperfield, D. Baldocchi, P. McMurry, L. Barrie, Y. Balkanski, R. Chatfield, E. Kjellstrom, M. Mawrence, H.N. Lee, J. Lelievield, K.J. Noone, J. Seinfeld, G. Stenchikov, S. Schwartz, C. Walcek, and D. Williamson, 2000: A comparison of scavenging and eposition processes in global models: Results from the WCCRP Cambridge Workshop of 1995. Tellus, 52B, 1025-1056, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2000.00980.x.

Rind, D., 2000: Drought, variability, and climate change in the Twenty-First Century. In Drought, Vol. II: A Global Assessment. D.A. Wilhite, Ed. Rutledge Publishers, 264-272.

Rind, D., 2000: Relating paleoclimate data and past temperature gradients: Some suggestive rules. Quat. Sci. Rev., 19, 381-390, doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(99)00070-0.

Rind, D., P. Lonergan, and K. Shah, 2000: Modeled impact of cirrus cloud increases along aircraft flight paths. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 19927-19940, doi:10.1029/1999JD901160.

Rosenzweig, C., 2000: Potential impacts of climate change on agriculture. In A Spectrum of Achievement in Agronomy: Women Fellows of the Tri-Societies, ASA Special Pub. 62. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, 73-88.

Rosenzweig, C., and D. Hillel, 2000: Soils and global climate change: Challenges and opportunities. Soil Sci., 165, 47-56.

Russell, G.L., V. Gornitz, and J.R. Miller, 2000: Regional sea-level changes projected by the NASA/GISS Atmosphere-Ocean Model. Clim. Dyn., 16, 789-797, doi:10.1007/s003820000090.

Russell, G.L., J.R. Miller, D. Rind, R.A. Ruedy, G.A. Schmidt, and S. Sheth, 2000: Comparison of model and observed regional temperature changes during the past 40 years. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 14891-14898, doi:10.1029/2000JD900156.

Ryan, B.F., J.J. Katzfey, D.J. Abbs, C. Jakob, U. Lohmann, B. Rockel, L.D. Rotstayn, R.E. Stewart, K.K. Szeto, G. Tselioudis, and M.K. Yau, 2000: Simulations of a cold front by cloud-resolving, limited-area, and large-scale models, and a model evaluation using in situ and satellite observations. Mon. Weather Rev., 128, 3218-3235, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<3218:SOACFB>2.0.CO;2.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, L. Druyan, P. Lonergan, and M. Chandler, 2000: AGCM hindcasts with SST and other forcings: Responses from global to agricultural scales. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20025-20053, doi:10.1029/2000JD900019.

Small, C., V. Gornitz, and J.E. Cohen, 2000: Coastal hazards and the global distribution of human population. Environ. Geosci., 7, 3-12, doi:10.1046/j.1526-0984.2000.71005.x.

Spencer, J.R., J.A. Rathbun, L.D. Travis, L.K. Tamppari, L. Barnard, T.Z. Martin, and A.S. McEwen, 2000: Io's thermal emission from the Galileo Photopolarimeter-Radiometer. Science, 288, 1198-1201, doi:10.1126/science.288.5469.1198.

Stothers, R.B., 2000: Climatic and demographic consequences of the massive volcanic eruption of 1258. Climatic Change, 45, 361-374, doi:10.1023/A:1005523330643.

Stothers, R.B., 2000: Does turbulence in the iron convective zone cause the outbursts of η Carinae? Astrophys. J., 530, L103-L106, doi:10.1086/312500.

Stothers, R.B., 2000: Turbulent eddy viscosity and large-scale convection in the Sun. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 314, L7-L9, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03499.x.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 2000: A clue to the extent of convective mixing inside massive stars: The surface hydrogen abundance of luminous blue variables and hydrogen-poor Wolf-Rayet stars. Astrophys. J., 540, 1041-1048, doi:10.1086/309349.

Taalas, P., J. Kaurola, A. Kylling, D. Shindell, R. Sausen, M. Dameris, V. Grewe, J. Herman, J. Damski, and B. Steil, 2000: The impact of greenhouse gases and halogenated species on the future solar UV radiation doses. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1127-1130, doi:10.1029/1999GL010886.

Tarasov, P.E., V.S. Volkova, T. Webb, III, J. Guiot, A.A. Andreev, L.G. Bezusko, T.V. Bezusko, G.V. Bykova, N.I. Dorofeyuk, E.V. Kvavadze, I.M. Osipova, N.K. Panova, and D.V. Sevastyanov, 2000: Last glacial maximum biomes reconstructed from pollen and plant macrofossil data from northern Eurasia. J. Biogeogr., 27, 609-620, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00429.x.

Tegen, I., D. Koch, A.A. Lacis, and M. Sato, 2000: Trends in tropospheric aerosol loads and corresponding impact on direct radiative forcing between 1950 and 1990: A model study. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26971-26989, doi:10.1029/2000JD900280.

Tegen, I., and D. Rind, 2000: Influence of the latitudinal temperature gradient on soil dust concentration and deposition in Greenland. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7199-7212, doi:10.1029/1999JD901094.

Tselioudis, G., Y.-C. Zhang, and W.R. Rossow, 2000: Cloud and radiation variations associated with northern midlatitude low and high sea level pressure regimes. J. Climate, 13, 312-327, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0312:CARVAW>2.0.CO;2.

Tubiello, F.N., M. Donatelli, C. Rosenzweig, and C.O. Stockle, 2000: Effects of climate change and elevated CO2 on cropping systems: Model predictions at two Italian locations. Eur. J. Agron., 12, 179-189.

Walter, B.P., and M. Heimann, 2000: A process-based, climate-sensitive model to derive methane emissions from natural wetlands: Application to five wetland sites, sensitivity to model parameters, and climate. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14, 745-765, doi:10.1029/1999GB001204.

Wang, J., W.B. Rossow, and Y.-C. Zhang, 2000: Cloud vertical structure and its variations from a 20-year global rawinsonde dataset. J. Climate, 13, 3041-3056, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3041:CVSAIV>2.0.CO;2.

White, A., M.G.R. Cannell, and A.D. Friend, 2000: The high-latitude terrestrial carbon sink: A model analysis. Global Change Biol., 6, 227-245, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.00302.x.

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