Annual Publication Lists

1997 Publications

Allison, M., 1997: Accurate analytic representations of solar time and seasons on Mars with applications to the Pathfinder/Surveyor missions. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1967-1970, doi:10.1029/97GL01950.

Andreev, A.A., V.I. Nikolaev, D.Y. Boi'sheiyanov, and V.N. Petrov, 1997: Pollen and isotope investigations of an ice core from Vavilov Ice Cap, October Revolution Island, Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russia. Geogr. Phys. Quat., 51, 379-389.

Andreev, A.A., P.E. Tarasov, F.A. Romanenko, and L.D. Sulerzhitsky, 1997: Younger Dryas pollen records from Sverdrup Island (Kara Sea). Quat. Int., 41/42, 135-139, doi:10.1016/S1040-6182(96)00045-6.

Andres, R.J., G. Marland, I. Fund, and E. Matthews, 1997: Geographic Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Brning, Hydarulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring on a One Degree by One Degree Grid Cell Basis: 1950 to 1990. ORNL/CIAC-97 NDP-058. Oak Ridge National Laboratory CI Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Bird, M.K., M. Heyl, M. Allison, S.W. Asmar, D.H. Atkinson, P. Edenhofer, D. Plettmeier, R. Wohlmuth, L. Iess, and G.L. Tyler, 1997: The Huygens Doppler Wind Experiment. In Huygens: Science, Payload and Mission, ESA SP-1177. E. Wilson, Ed. ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, 139-162.

Bishop, J.K.B., W.B. Rossow, and E.G. Dutton, 1997: Surface solar irradiance from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project 1983-1991. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 6883-6910, doi:10.1029/96JD03865.

Bjornsson, H., L.A. Mysak, and G.A. Schmidt, 1997: Mixed boundary conditions versus coupling with an energy-moisture balance model for a zonally averaged ocean climate model. J. Climate, 10, 2412-2430, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<2412:MBCVCW>2.0.CO;2.

Brest, C.L., W.B. Rossow, and M.D. Roiter, 1997: Update of radiance calibrations for ISCCP. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 14, 1091-1109, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1997)014<1091:UORCFI>2.0.CO;2.

Cairns, B., B.E. Carlson, A.A. Lacis, and E.E. Russell, 1997: An analysis of ground-based polarimetric sky radiance measurements. In Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing, 27 Jul. 1997, San Diego, Cal., Proc. SPIE, vol. 3121, 382, doi:10.1117/12.278984.

Cairns, B., L.D. Travis, and E.E. Russell, 1997: Polarization: Ground-based upward-looking and aircraft/satellite-based downward-looking measurements. In Satellite Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere II, 21 Sep. 1997, London, Proc. SPIE, vol. 3220, 103, doi:10.1117/12.301140.

Canuto, V.M., 1997: Compressible turbulence. Astrophys. J., 482, 827-851, doi:10.1086/304175.

Canuto, V.M., 1997: Overshooting in stars: Five old fallacies and a new model. Astrophys. J., 489, L71-L74, doi:10.1086/310955.

Canuto, V.M., 1997: Sub-grid scale modeling: Correct models and others. Astrophys. J., 478, 322-325, doi:10.1086/303772.

Canuto, V.M., and Y. Cheng, 1997: Determination of the Smagorinski-Lilly constant CS. Phys. Fluids, 9, 1368-1378, doi:10.1063/1.869251.

Canuto, V.M., and M. Dubovikov, 1997: Overshooting: Mixing length yields divergent results. Astrophys. J., 484, L161-L163, doi:10.1086/310792.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1997: A dynamical model for turbulence. V. The effect of rotation. Phys. Fluids, 9, 2132-2140, doi:10.1063/1.869332.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1997: A new approach to turbulence. Int. J. Mod. Phys. A, 12, 3121-3152, doi:10.1142/S0217751X9700164X.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1997: Physical regimes and dimensional structure of rotating turbulence. Phys. Rev. Lett., 78, 666-669, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.666.

Canuto, V.M., M.S. Dubovikov, and A. Dienstfrey, 1997: A dynamical model for turbulence. IV. Buoyancy-driven flows. Phys. Fluids, 9, 2118-2131, doi:10.1063/1.869331.

Canuto, V.M., M.S. Dubovikov, and A. Dienstfrey, 1997: Turbulent convection in a spectral model. Phys. Rev. Lett., 78, 662-665, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.662.

Canuto, V.M., M.S. Dubovikov, and D.J. Wielaard, 1997: A dynamical model for turbulence. VI. Two-dimensional turbulence. Phys. Fluids, 9, 2141-2147, doi:10.1063/1.869333.

Cess, R.D., M.H. Zhang, G.L. Potter, V. Alekseev, H.W. Barker, S. Bony, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M. Déqué, M.R. Dix, V. Dymnikov, M. Esch, L.D. Fowler, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, W.J. Ingram, J.T. Kiehl, Y. Kim, H. Le Treut, X.-Z. Liang, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, M.E. Schelesinger, P.V. Sporyshev, K.E. Taylor, B. Timbal, E.M. Volodin, W. Wang, W.C. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, 1997: Comparison of the seasonal change in cloud-radiative forcing from atmospheric general circulation models and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16593-16603, doi:10.1029/97JD00927.

Chen, T.H., A. Henderson-Sellers, P.C.D. Milly, A.J. Pitman, A.C.M. Beljaars, J. Polcher, F. Abramopoulos, A. Boone, S. Chang, F. Chen, Y. Dai, C.E. Desborough, R.E. Dickinson, L. Dümenil, M. Ek, J.R. Garratt, N. Gedney, Y.M. Gusev, J. Kim, R. Koster, E.A. Kowalczyk, K. Laval, J. Lean, D. Lettenmaier, X. Liang, J.-F. Mahfouf, H.-T. Mengelkamp, K. Mitchell, O.N. Nasonova, J. Noilhan, A. Robock, C. Rosenzweig, J. Schaake, C.A. Schlosser, J.-P. Schulz, Y. Shao, A.B. Shmakin, D.L. Verseghy, P. Wetzel, E.F. Wood, Y. Xue, Z.-L. Yang, and Q. Zeng, 1997: Cabauw experimental results from the Project for Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes. J. Climate, 10, 1194-1215, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<1194:CERFTP>2.0.CO;2.

Dai, A., I.Y. Fung, and A.D. Del Genio, 1997: Surface observed global land precipitation variations during 1900-1988. J. Climate, 10, 2943-2962, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<2943:SOGLPV>2.0.CO;2.

Dai, A., A.D. Del Genio, and I.Y. Fung, 1997: Clouds, precipitation and temperature range. Nature, 386, 665-666, doi:10.1038/386665b0.

Del Genio, A.D., 1997: Atmosphere. In Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences. J.H. Shirley, and R.W. Fairbridge, Eds. Chapman & Hall, 51-54.

Delo, C., and A.J. Smits, 1997: Volumetric visualization of coherent structure in a low Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer. Int. J. Fluid Dyn., 1, 3.

Dixon, R.K., and C. Rosenweig, 1997: Climate change country studies. Appl. Energy, 56, no. 3-4, 225-235, doi:10.1016/S0306-2619(97)0007X-4.

Druyan, L.M., P. Lonergan, and J.L. Cohen, 1997: Case studies of African wave disturbances in gridded analyses. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2520-2530, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2520:CSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

El-Shaer, H.M., C. Rosenzweig, A. Iglesias, M.H. Eid, and D. Hillel, 1997: Impact of climate change on possible scenarios for Egyptian agriculture in the future. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Glob. Change, 1, 233-250, doi:10.1007/BF00517805.

Flasar, F.M., M.D. Allison, and J.I. Lunine, 1997: Titan zonal wind model. In Huygens: Science, Payload and Mission, ESA SP-1177. A. Wilson, Ed. ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, 287-298.

Fung, I., 1997: Climate change: A greener north. Nature, 386, 659-660, doi:10.1038/386659a0.

Fung, I., C.B. Field, J.A. Berry, M.V. Thompson, J.T. Randerson, C.M. Malmström, P.M. Vitousek, G. James Collatz, P.J. Sellers, D.A. Randall, A.S. Denning, F. Badeck, and J. John, 1997: Carbon 13 exchanges between the atmosphere and biosphere. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 507-533, doi:10.1029/97GB01751.

Gamache, R.R., R. Lynch, J.J. Plateaux, and A. Barbe, 1997: Halfwidths and line shifts of water vapor broadened by CO2: Measurements and complex Robert-Bonamy formalism calculations. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 57, no. 4, 485-496.

Gierasch, P.J., R.M. Goody, R.E. Young, D. Crisp, C. Edwards, R. Kahn, D. McCleese, D. Rider, A. Del Genio, R. Greeley, A. Hou, C.B. Leovy, and M. Newman, 1997: The general circulation of the Venus atmosphere: An assessment. In Venus II — Geology, Geophysics, Atmosphere, and Solar Wind Environment. J.W. Bucher, D.M. Hunten, and R.J. Phillips, Eds. University of Arizona Press, 459-500.

Gornitz, V., C. Rosenzweig, and D. Hillel, 1997: Effects of anthropogenic intervention in the land hydrologic cycle on global sea level rise. Glob. Planet. Change, 14, 147-161, doi:10.1016/S0921-8181(96)00008-2.

Goyet, C., R. Healy, S.J. McCue, and D.M. Glover, 1997: Interpolation of TC02 data on a 1°×1° grid throughout the water column below 500 m depth in the Atlantic Ocean. Deep Sea Res. I, 44, 1945-1955, doi:10.1016/S0967-0637(97)00063-0.

Hall, T.M., and D.W. Waugh, 1997: Timescales for the stratospheric circulation derived from tracers. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8991-9001, doi:10.1029/96JD03713.

Hall, T.M., and D.W. Waugh, 1997: Tracer transport in the tropical stratosphere due to vertical diffusion and horizontal mixing. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1383-1386, doi:10.1029/97GL01289.

Hansen, J., C. Harris, C. Borenstein, B. Curran, and M. Fox, 1997: Research education. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25677-25678, doi:10.1029/97JD02172.

Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, G. Russell, M. Sato, J. Lerner, D. Rind, and P. Stone, 1997: Wonderland climate model. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 6823-6830, doi:10.1029/96JD03435.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, and R. Ruedy, 1997: The missing climate forcing. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, 352, 231-240, doi:10.1098/rstb.1997.0018.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy, 1997: Radiative forcing and climate response. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 6831-6864, doi:10.1029/96JD03436.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M.P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny, 1997: Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25679-25720, doi:10.1029/97JD01495.

Hartig, E.K., O. Grozev, and C. Rosenzweig, 1997: Climate change, agriculture and wetlands in Eastern Europe: Vulnerability, adaptation and policy. Climatic Change, 46, 101-121, doi:10.1023/A:1005304816660.

Hartke, G.J., and D. Rind, 1997: Improved surface and boundary layer models for the Goddard Institute for Space Studies general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16407-16442, doi:10.1029/97JD00698.

Howard, A.M., and R.M. Kulsrud, 1997: The evolution of a primordial galactic magnetic field. Astrophys. J., 483, 648-655, doi:10.1086/304262.

Jin, Y., 1997: Investigation of Cirrus Cloud Climatology by Satellite Remote Sensing. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Jin, Y., and W.B. Rossow, 1997: Detection of cirrus overlapping low-level clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1727-1737, doi:10.1029/96JD02996.

Kahn, R., R. West, D. McDonald, B. Rheingans, and M.I. Mishchenko, 1997: Sensitivity of multiangle remote sensing observations to aerosol sphericity. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16861-16870, doi:10.1029/96JD01934.

Kapetanaki, G., and C. Rosenzweig, 1997: Impact of climate change on maize yield in central and northern Greece: A simulation study with CERES-Maize. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Glob. Change, 1, 251-271, doi:10.1007/BF00517806.

Knibbe, W.J.J., J.F. de Haan, J.W. Hovenier, and L.D. Travis, 1997: A biwavelength analysis of Pioneer Venus polarization observations. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 10945-10957, doi:10.1029/97JE00312.

Knox, J.A., 1997: Generalized nonlinear balance criteria and inertial stability. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 967-985, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0967:GNBCAI>2.0.CO;2.

Knox, J.A., 1997: Possible mechanisms of clear-air turbulence in strongly anticyclonic flows. Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 1251-1259, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<1251:PMOCAT>2.0.CO;2.

Knox, J.A., and P.J. Croft, 1997: Storytelling in the meteorology classroom. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 897-906.

Kokhanovsky, A.A., and A. Macke, 1997: Integral light-scattering and absorption characteristics of large, nonspherical particles. Appl. Opt., 36, 8785-8790, doi:10.1364/AO.36.008785.

Lal, M., U. Cubasch, J.P. Perlwitz, and J. Waszkewitz, 1997: Simulation of the Indian monsoon climatology in ECHAM3 climate model: Sensitivity to horizontal resolution. Int. J. Climatol., 17, 847-858, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(19970630)17:8<847::AID-JOC165>3.0.CO;2-6.

Liang, S., and M.I. Mishchenko, 1997: Calculations of the soil hot-spot effect using the coherent backscattering theory. Remote Sens. Environ., 60, 163-173, doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(96)00179-4.

Liao, X., and D. Rind, 1997: Local upper tropospheric/lower stratospheric clear-sky water vapor and tropospheric deep convection. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 19543-19557.

Lin, B., and W.B. Rossow, 1997: Precipitation water path and rainfall rate estimates over oceans using special sensor microwave imager and International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project data. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9359-9374, doi:10.1029/96JD03987.

Matthews, E., 1997: Global litter production, pools, and turnover times: Estimates from measurement data and regression models. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 18771-18800, doi:10.1029/96JD02956.

Mearns, L.O., C. Rosenzweig, and R. Goldberg, 1997: Mean and variance change in climate scenarios: Methods, agricultural applications, and measures of uncertainty. Climatic Change, 35, 367-396, doi:10.1023/A:1005358130291.

Miller, J.R., and G.L. Russell, 1997: Investigating the interactions among river flow, salinity and sea ice using a global coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice model. Ann. Glaciol., 25, 121-126.

Miller, R.L., 1997: Tropical thermostats and low cloud cover. J. Climate, 10, 409-440, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0409:TTALCC>2.0.CO;2.

Mishchenko, M.I., and A. Macke, 1997: Asymmetry parameters of the phase function for isolated and densely packed spherical particles with multiple internal inclusions in the geometric optics limit. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 57, 767-794, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(97)00012-5.

Mishchenko, M.I., and L.D. Travis, 1997: Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using measurements of reflected sunlight: Effect of instrumental errors and aerosol absorption. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 13543-13553, doi:10.1029/97JD01124.

Mishchenko, M.I., and L.D. Travis, 1997: Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16989-17013, doi:10.1029/96JD02425.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, R.A. Kahn, and R.A. West, 1997: Modeling phase functions for dustlike tropospheric aerosols using a mixture of randomly oriented polydisperse spheroids. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16831-16847, doi:10.1029/96JD02110.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and A. Macke, 1997: Light scattering by nonspherical particles in the atmosphere: An overview. In IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation. E. Smith, and K. Stamnes, Eds. Deepak, 801-807.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, W.B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B.E. Carlson, and Q. Han, 1997: Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2655-2658, doi:10.1029/97GL02783.

Mishchenko, M.I., D.J. Wielaard, and B.E. Carlson, 1997: T-matrix computations of zenith-enhanced lidar backscatter from horizontally oriented ice plates. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 771-774, doi:10.1029/97GL00545.

Ozanne, L., Q. Ma, Nguyen-Van-Thanh, C. Brodbeck, J.P. Bouanich, J.M. Hartmann, C. Boulet, and R.H. Tipping, 1997: Line-mixing, finite duration of collision, vibrational shift, and non-linear density in the ν3 and 3ν3 bands of CO2 perturbed by Ar up to 1000 bar. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 58, 261-277, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(97)00007-1.

Parikh, J.A., J.S. DaPonte, J.N. Vitale, and G. Tselioudis, 1997: Comparison of genetic algorithm systems with neural network and statistical techniques for analysis of cloud structures in midlatitude storm systems. Pattern Recogn. Lett., 18, 1347-1351, doi:10.1016/S0167-8655(97)00115-3.

Parker, D.E., H. Wilson, P.D. Jones, J.R. Christy, and C.K. Folland, 1997: The impact of Mount Pinatubo on world-wide temperatures. Int. J. Climatol., 16, no. 5, 487-497, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199605)16:5<487::AID-JOC39>3.0.CO;2-J.

Peteet, D., A. Del Genio, and K.K.-W. Lo, 1997: Sensitivity of northern hemisphere air temperatures and snow expansion to North Pacific sea surface temperatures in the Goddard Institute for Space Studies general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 102, no. D20, 23781, doi:10.1029/97JD01573.

Prigent, C., L. Phalippou, and S. English, 1997: Variational inversion of the SSM/I observations during the ASTEX campaign. J. Appl. Meteorol., 36, 493-508, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1997)036<0493:VIOTSI>2.0.CO;2.

Prigent, C., W.B. Rossow, and E. Matthews, 1997: Microwave land surface emissivities estimated from SSM/I observations. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 21867-21890, doi:10.1029/97JD01360.

Rampino, M.R., 1997: Celest. Mech. Dynam. Astron., 69, no. 1-2, 49-58, doi:10.1023/A:1008365913573.

Randerson, J.T., M.V. Thompson, T.J. Conway, I.Y. Fung, and C.B. Field, 1997: The contribution of terrestrial sources and sinks to trends in the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 535-560, doi:10.1029/97GB02268.

Rind, D., R. Healy, C. Parkinson, and D. Martinson, 1997: The role of sea ice in 2xCO2 climate model sensitivity: Part II: Hemispheric dependencies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1491-1494, doi:10.1029/97GL01433.

Rind, D., and X. Liao, 1997: Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II CD-ROM atlas of global mean monthly mean aerosols, ozone, NO2, water vapor, and relative humidity (1985-1993). Earth Interactions, 1, 1-15, doi:10.1175/1087-3562(1997)001<0001:SAAGEI>2.3.CO;2.

Rind, D., C. Rosenzweig, and M. Stieglitz, 1997: The role of moisture transport between ground and atmosphere in global change. Ann. Rev. Energy Environ., 22, 47-74, doi:10.1146/annurev.energy.22.1.47.

Rind, D., G. Russell, and W.F. Ruddiman, 1997: The effects of uplift on ocean-atmosphere circulation. In Tectonic Uplift and Climate. W.F. Ruddiman, Ed. Plenum Press, 123-147.

Rosenbush, V.K., V.V. Avramchuk, A.E. Rosenbush, and M.I. Mishchenko, 1997: Polarization properties of the Galilean Satellites of Jupiter: Observations and preliminary analysis. Astrophys. J., 487, 402-414, doi:10.1086/304584.

Rosenzweig, C., and F. Abramopoulos, 1997: Land-surface model development for the GISS GCM. J. Climate, 10, 2040-2054, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<2040:LSMDFT>2.0.CO;2.

Rosenzweig, C., and F.N. Tubiello, 1997: Impacts of global climate change on Mediterranean agriculture: Current methodologies and future directions: An introductory essay. Mitig. Adapt. Strategies Glob. Change, 1, 219-232, doi:10.1007/BF00517804.

Schmidt, G.A., and E.R. Johnson, 1997: The scattering of stratified topographic Rossby waves by seafloor ridges. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dyn., 84, 29-52.

Self, S., M.R. Rampino, J. Zhao, and M.G. Katz, 1997: Volcanic aerosol perturbations and strong El Niño events: No general correlation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1247-1250, doi:10.1029/97GL01127.

Shindell, D.T, and R.L. de Zafra, 1997: Limits on heterogeneous processing in the Antarctic spring vortex from a comparison of measured and modeled chlorine. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1441-1449, doi:10.1029/96JD00519.

Shindell, D.T., 1997: The potential influence of ClO·O2 on stratospheric ozone depletion chemistry. J. Atmos. Chem., 26, 323-335, doi:10.1023/A:1005827729465.

Shindell, D.T., S. Wong, and D. Rind, 1997: Interannual variability of the Antarctic ozone hole in a GCM. Part 1: The influence of tropospheric wave variability. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 2308-2319, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<2308:IVOTAO>2.0.CO;2.

Stieglitz, M., D. Rind, J. Famiglietti, and C. Rosenzweig, 1997: An efficient approach to modeling the topographic control of surface hydrology for regional and global climate modeling. J. Climate, 10, 118-137, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0118:AEATMT>2.0.CO;2.

Stothers, R.B., 1997: Stratospheric aerosol clouds due to very large volcanic eruptions of the early twentieth century: Effective particle sizes and conversion from pyrheliometric to visual optical depth. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 6143-6151, doi:10.1029/96JD03985.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1997: On two theories of the cyclical outbursts of η Carinae. Astrophys. J., 489, 319-330, doi:10.1086/304771.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1997: The mixing length in convective stellar envelopes is proportional to distance from the convective boundary. Astrophys. J., 478, L103-L106, doi:10.1086/310552.

Stothers, R.B., and A. Sillanpää, 1997: Test of periodicity in the quasar OJ 287. Astrophys. J., 475, L13-L15, doi:10.1086/310465.

Stubenrauch, C.J., A.D. Del Genio, and W.B. Rossow, 1997: Implementation of subgrid cloud vertical structure inside a GCM and its effect on the radiation budget. J. Climate, 10, 273-287, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0273:IOSCVS>2.0.CO;2.

Tegen, I., P. Hollrig, M. Chin, I. Fung, D. Jacob, and J. Penner, 1997: Contribution of different aerosol species to the global aerosol extinction optical thickness: Estimates from model results. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 23895-23915, doi:10.1029/97JD01864.

Tubiello, F., T. Volk, and B. Bugbee, 1997: Diffuse light and wheat radiation-use efficiency in a controlled environment. Life Support Biosphere Sci., 4, 77-85.

Velichko, A.A., A.A. Andreev, and V.A. Klimanov, 1997: Climate and vegetation dynamics in the tundra and forest zone during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Quat. Int., 41/42, 71-96, doi:10.1016/S1040-6182(96)00039-0.

Volk, T., B. Bugbee, and F. Tubiello, 1997: Phasic temperature control appraised with the Ceres-Wheat model. Life Support Biosphere Sci., 4, 49-54.

Wang, J., 1997: Determination of Cloud Vertical Structure from Upper Air Observations and Its Effects on Atmospheric Circulation in a GCM. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Waugh, D.W., T.M. Hall, W.J. Randel, P.J. Rasch, B.A. Boville, K.A. Boering, S.C. Wofsy, B.C. Daube, J.W. Elkins, D.W. Fahey, G.S. Dutton, C.M. Volk, and P.F. Vohralik, 1997: Three-dimensional simulations of long-lived tracers using winds from MACCM2. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 21493-21513, doi:10.1029/97JD00793.

Webb, R.S., D.H. Rind, S.J. Lehman, R.J. Healy, and D. Sigman, 1997: Influence of ocean heat transport on the climate of the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature, 385, 695-699, doi:10.1038/385695a0.

West, R.A., L.R. Doose, A.M. Eibl, M.G. Tomasko, and M.I. Mishchenko, 1997: Laboratory measurements of mineral dust scattering phase function and linear polarization. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16871-16881, doi:10.1029/96JD02584.

Wielaard, D.J., M.I. Mishchenko, A. Macke, and B.E. Carlson, 1997: Improved T-matrix computations for large, nonabsorbing and weakly absorbing nonspherical particles and comparison with geometric optics approximation. Appl. Opt., 36, 4305-4313, doi:10.1364/AO.36.004305.

Xu, F., 1997: Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR): Variability and Retrieval. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Ying, R., and V.M. Canuto, 1997: Numerical simulation of flow over two-dimensional hills using a second-order turbulence closure model. Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 85, 447-474, doi:10.1023/A:1000534921008.

Zhang, Y.-C., and W. Rossow, 1997: Estimating meridional energy transports by the atmospheric and oceanic general circulations using boundary flux data. J. Climate, 10, 2358-2373, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<2358:EMETBT>2.0.CO;2.

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